Microphis cuncalus 

Scope: Global

Translate page into:

Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family
Animalia Chordata Actinopterygii Syngnathiformes Syngnathidae

Scientific Name: Microphis cuncalus
Species Authority: (Hamilton, 1822)
Common Name(s):
English Crocodile-tooth Pipefish
Doryichthys chokderi Ataur Rahman, 1976
Doryichthys cuncalus (Hamilton, 1822)
Paramicrophis schmidti Klausewitz, 1955
Syngnathus cuncalus Hamilton, 1822
Taxonomic Source(s): Dawson, C.E. 1984. Revision of the Genus Microphis Kaup (Pisces: Syngnathidae). Bulletin of Marine Science 35(2): 117-181.
Taxonomic Notes:

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Least Concern ver 3.1
Year Published: 2010
Date Assessed: 2009-10-11
Assessor(s): Ng, H.H.
Reviewer(s): Allen, D.J., Dahanukar, N., Vishwanath, W., Arunachalam, M., Rema Devi, K.R. & Molur, S.
Contributor(s): Molur, S.

Despite localized extinctions (e.g. Chhapge and Pande 1986), Microphis cuncalus is relatively widespread and considered common enough to be assessed as Least Concern.

Geographic Range [top]

Range Description:Microphis cuncalus was described from the estuaries near Kolkota, India (Hamilton 1822). This species is said to be found throughout India and on Sri Lanka (Dawson 1985). However, Pethiyagoda (1991) does not record the presence of this species in Sri Lanka, so the record from this island is highly doubtful.
Countries occurrence:
Bangladesh; India (Goa, Kerala, Maharashtra, Orissa, Tamil Nadu, West Bengal)
Additional data:
Range Map:Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Population [top]

Population:There is no information available on the population and its trends for this species. However, this species is relatively widespread and considered to be common, despite the lack of definitive data.
Current Population Trend:Unknown
Additional data:
Continuing decline of mature individuals:Unknown
Population severely fragmented:No

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Habitat and Ecology:Inhabits freshwaters, estuaries or low salinity habitats.

Use and Trade [top]

Use and Trade: This species is sporadically caught and exported as an aquarium fish.

Threats [top]

Major Threat(s): The threats to this species are unknown, since there is little information on the biology of this species and therefore the impact of potential threats (especially those of an anthropogenic nature) remains unknown. The current threats to aquatic biodiversity in all of its known distribution have also not been adequately identified. Chhapgar and Pande (1986) report the extinction of a population of M. cuncalus from the Bhatsa River in western Maharashtra state in India as a result of the construction of the Pise Dam, but this likely represents an isolated case and dam construction is not likely to be a large-scale threat to this species.

Conservation Actions [top]

Conservation Actions: More research about the distribution and the biology of this species is needed, as there is insufficient information available. Potential threats to this species also need to be identified.

Citation: Ng, H.H. 2010. Microphis cuncalus. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2010: e.T166639A6252845. . Downloaded on 05 December 2016.
Disclaimer: To make use of this information, please check the <Terms of Use>.
Feedback: If you see any errors or have any questions or suggestions on what is shown on this page, please provide us with feedback so that we can correct or extend the information provided