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Microphis cuncalus

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Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family
ANIMALIA CHORDATA ACTINOPTERYGII SYNGNATHIFORMES SYNGNATHIDAE

Scientific Name: Microphis cuncalus
Species Authority: (Hamilton, 1822)
Taxonomic Notes:

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Least Concern ver 3.1
Year Published: 2010
Date Assessed: 2009-10-11
Assessor(s): Ng, H.H.
Reviewer(s): Allen, D.J., Dahanukar, N., Vishwanath, W., Arunachalam, M., Rema Devi, K.R. & Molur, S.
Contributor(s): Molur, S.
Justification:

Despite localized extinctions (e.g. Chhapge and Pande 1986), Microphis cuncalus is relatively widespread and considered common enough to be assessed as Least Concern.

Geographic Range [top]

Range Description: Microphis cuncalus was described from the estuaries near Kolkota, India (Hamilton 1822). This species is said to be found throughout India and on Sri Lanka (Dawson 1985). However, Pethiyagoda (1991) does not record the presence of this species in Sri Lanka, so the record from this island is highly doubtful.
Countries:
Native:
Bangladesh; India (Goa, Kerala, Maharashtra, Orissa, Tamil Nadu, West Bengal)
Range Map: Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Population [top]

Population: There is no information available on the population and its trends for this species. However, this species is relatively widespread and considered to be common, despite the lack of definitive data.
Population Trend: Unknown

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Habitat and Ecology: Inhabits freshwaters, estuaries or low salinity habitats.
Systems: Freshwater

Use and Trade [top]

Use and Trade: This species is sporadically caught and exported as an aquarium fish.

Threats [top]

Major Threat(s): The threats to this species are unknown, since there is little information on the biology of this species and therefore the impact of potential threats (especially those of an anthropogenic nature) remains unknown. The current threats to aquatic biodiversity in all of its known distribution have also not been adequately identified. Chhapgar and Pande (1986) report the extinction of a population of M. cuncalus from the Bhatsa River in western Maharashtra state in India as a result of the construction of the Pise Dam, but this likely represents an isolated case and dam construction is not likely to be a large-scale threat to this species.

Conservation Actions [top]

Conservation Actions: More research about the distribution and the biology of this species is needed, as there is insufficient information available. Potential threats to this species also need to be identified.

Citation: Ng, H.H. 2010. Microphis cuncalus. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2014.3. <www.iucnredlist.org>. Downloaded on 19 December 2014.
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