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Pillaia indica 

Scope: Global
Language: English
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Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family
Animalia Chordata Actinopterygii Synbranchiformes Chaudhuriidae

Scientific Name: Pillaia indica Yazdani, 1972
Taxonomic Notes: Pillaia indica was described from Sumer stream, about 22 km north of Shillong, Khasi and Jaintia Hills, Meghalaya, India. In addition, there is one paratype from Umsing (at an altitude of 1524 m).

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Endangered B1ab(iii) ver 3.1
Year Published: 2010
Date Assessed: 2009-10-06
Assessor(s): Britz, R. & Chaudhry, S.
Reviewer(s): Datta, N.C., Dey, S.C., Jha, B.R. & Allen, D.J.
Contributor(s): Molur, S.
Justification:
Pillaia indica is known only from two locations in Meghalaya occurring in hill streams with a restricted extent of occurrence of an estimated 2500 km2 and the area of occupancy is likely to be restricted. The species is assessed as Endangered based on two known locations, and threats to the species' habitat from silation caused by deforestation from agricultural activities.

Geographic Range [top]

Range Description:Known from northeastern India (Khasi and Jaintia hills of Meghalaya), and from Umsing nearby, collected from an altitude of 1069 - 1524 m. It appears, from current collections, to have a very restricted range estimated at and Extent of Occurrence of 2,500 km2.
Countries occurrence:
Native:
India (Meghalaya)
Additional data:
Continuing decline in extent of occurrence (EOO):Unknown
Number of Locations:2
Lower elevation limit (metres):1069
Upper elevation limit (metres):1524
Range Map:Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Population [top]

Population:No population datasets are available for this species and it is reported to be scarce in capture by Menon (1999).
Current Population Trend:Unknown
Additional data:
Continuing decline of mature individuals:Unknown
Population severely fragmented:No

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Habitat and Ecology:This little fish is very inactive and mostly spends its time lying at the bottom, either buried in mud or clinging to some submerged vegetation along the edges of streams where the water is moving very slowly. It avoids light and tries to hide into the mud (Yazdani 1976, 1978).
Systems:Freshwater
Continuing decline in area, extent and/or quality of habitat:Yes

Use and Trade [top]

Use and Trade: These fishes are small-sized and of no interest to fisheries. Occasionally found in the aquarium trade.

Threats [top]

Major Threat(s): The areas surrounding the streams in which the species has been found are under threat from deforestation, causing siltation within the streams.

Conservation Actions [top]

Conservation Actions: Further information is required on the species range, population and ecology is required. The condition of the species' habitat needs to be surveyed, and the impacts of agricultural practices on the aquatic habitats confirmed.

Citation: Britz, R. & Chaudhry, S. 2010. Pillaia indica. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2010: e.T166601A6244888. . Downloaded on 16 October 2018.
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