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Silurus meridionalis

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Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family
ANIMALIA CHORDATA ACTINOPTERYGII SILURIFORMES SILURIDAE

Scientific Name: Silurus meridionalis
Species Authority: Chen, 1977

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Least Concern ver 3.1
Year Published: 2011
Date Assessed: 2011-01-21
Assessor(s): Chen, X.-Y.
Reviewer(s): Allen, D.J., Zhao, H., Cui, K. & Zhou, W.
Justification:
Recorded from the Yangtze River (Chang Jiang and tributary), the Pearl River (Bei Jiang), and the Min Jiang (Fujian Province) in southeastern China. The species is impacted by overfishing and other threats, but at present it is assessed as Least Concern as the decline is not thought to be close to qualifying for a threatened category. However, the population should be monitored and the species reassessed if known threats have a greater impact than currently understood.

Geographic Range [top]

Range Description: Recorded from the Yangtze River (Chang Jiang, and its tributary, the Xiang Jiang), the Pearl River (Bei Jiang) and the Min Jiang (Fujian Province) in southeastern China.
Countries:
Native:
China (Anhui, Fujian, Guangdong, Guizhou, Hubei, Hunan, Jiangsu, Sichuan)
Range Map: Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Population [top]

Population: Decreasing in the wild. Larvae are propagated artificially for cultivation.
Population Trend: Decreasing

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Habitat and Ecology: Found in rivers, moves within the river to spawning grounds. Carnivorous and hunts at night. Spawns from April to June in torrents (rapids) in sand and gravel. Lays sticky eggs.
Systems: Freshwater

Use and Trade [top]

Use and Trade: It is an important economic species. It has been cultured in China.

Threats [top]

Major Threat(s): Overfishing and aquatic environment deterioration are a major threats factors. Changes to flow regimes as a result of dam construction would impact the species.

Conservation Actions [top]

Conservation Actions: Research into populations trends, distribution, and threats is needed. The species is captive bred for aquaculture.

Citation: Chen, X.-Y. 2011. Silurus meridionalis. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2014.2. <www.iucnredlist.org>. Downloaded on 02 September 2014.
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