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Apolemichthys xanthurus

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Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family
ANIMALIA CHORDATA ACTINOPTERYGII PERCIFORMES POMACANTHIDAE

Scientific Name: Apolemichthys xanthurus
Species Authority: (Bennett, 1833)
Common Name/s:
English Yellowtail Angelfish, Indian Yellowtail Angelfish
Synonym/s:
Holacanthus xanthurus Bennett, 1833
Taxonomic Notes: Apolemichthys armitagei Smith, 1955, is a hybrid between A. trimaculatus and A. xanthurus (Pyle and Randall 1994).

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Least Concern ver 3.1
Year Published: 2010
Date Assessed: 2009-10-08
Assessor/s: Pyle, R., Myers, R. & Craig, M.T.
Reviewer/s: Elfes, C., Polidoro, B., Livingstone, S. & Carpenter, K.E.
Justification:

Listed as Least Concern in view of its wide distribution, presumed large overall population and no apparent major threats.

Geographic Range [top]

Range Description: This species is distributed in the western Indian Ocean where it has been recorded from localities in Mauritius (including Rodrigues), Reunion, Sri Lanka, the east coast of India, and the Maldives (Allen 1980, Randall and Anderson 1993, Fricke 1999, Letourneur et al. 2004). It has occasionally been recorded from western Thailand (Allen and Stone 2005), with a single recent record from Sulawesi (Indonesia) (M. Craig pers. comm. 2009). It is found from around 5-45 m.
Countries:
Native:
India; Indonesia (Sulawesi); Malaysia; Maldives; Mauritius (Mauritius (main island), Rodrigues); Myanmar; Réunion; Sri Lanka; Thailand
FAO Marine Fishing Areas:
Native:
Indian Ocean – eastern; Indian Ocean – western
Range Map: Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Population [top]

Population: It is likely to be common throughout its range, though Endoh (2007) states that it is common only in the Maldives.
Population Trend: Unknown

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Habitat and Ecology: This species is associated with coral reefs and rocky reefs, where it occurs as solitary individuals or in pairs (Allen 1980).
Systems: Marine

Threats [top]

Major Threat(s):

There appear to be no major threats to this species. Collection is limited and is not considered to be impacting the global population.

Conservation Actions [top]

Conservation Actions:

There appear to be no species-specific conservation measures in place. This species is believed to be present within a number of marine protected areas.

Citation: Pyle, R., Myers, R. & Craig, M.T. 2010. Apolemichthys xanthurus. In: IUCN 2013. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2013.2. <www.iucnredlist.org>. Downloaded on 18 April 2014.
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