||Varanus bengalensis (Daudin, 1802)
||Bengal Monitor Lizard, Clouded Monitor, Common Indian Monitor
Monitor gemmatus Guérin-Méneville, 1829
Tupinambis bengalensis Daudin, 1802
Tupinambis cepedianus Daudin, 1802
Varanus punctatus Merrem, 1820
||This species has two subspecies:
V. bengalensis bengalensis (Daudin, 1802).
V. bengalensis nebulosus (Gray, 1831)
V. irrawadicus Yang and Li, 1987 and V. vietnamensis Yang and Liu, 1994 were previously described as nominal species, but both were synonymized with V. bengalensis by Böhme and Ziegler (1997). The same authors raised V. bengalensis nebulosus (Gray, 1831) to full species status based on a V. bengalensis bengalensis specimen obtained from a market in Phuket (which is within the range of V. b. nebulosus), which was thought to prove the sympatry between the two forms, together with differences in hemipenial structure. However, it is widely accepted that it instead represents a geographic race of V. bengalensis, based on a very detailed study of geographic variation in V. bengalensis across its range (Auffenberg 1994).
|Red List Category & Criteria:
||Papenfuss, T., Shafiei Bafti, S., Sharifi, M., Bennett, D. & Sweet, S.S.
||Cox, N., Temple, H.J. (Global Reptile Assessment Coordinating Team) & Böhm, M., Collen, B., Ram, M. (Sampled Red List Index Coordinating Team)
||De Silva, R., Lewis, S., Lintott, P., Milligan, H.T., Powney, G., Sears, J., Wearn, O.R., Wilson, P., Wren, S. & Zamin, T.
Varanus bengalensis has been assessed as Least Concern. This species has a wide range across south central and Southeast Asia and it inhabits a variety of habitats. However, certain threats are affecting the species, and this has led to eradication in parts of its range. It is hunted for food, for its fat which is used for medicinal purposes, and for its skins which are sold commercially. With increasing human population pressures across this species' range, these threats are likely to become more severe in the future. As a result, further research and monitoring of this species is needed to ensure that a threat category is not triggered in the future. The establishment and management of new protected areas where this species is protected from hunting is needed to provide refuge sites from persecution.
|Range Description:||This wide ranging Varanid is found from southeastern Iran, through south central Asia (ranging from Afghanistan in the north as far south as Sri Lanka) and eastwards throughout Southeast Asia, as far as Java and the Anambas Islands in Indonesia. However, in the last century, this species has been exterminated from parts of Sri Lanka, India and Bangladesh. Although there are some old specimens purportedly from Sumatra, no recent records seem to exist (e.g. Auffenberg 1994). This species has an upper limit of 1,500 m above sea level.|
Afghanistan; Bangladesh; Cambodia; China; India; Indonesia (Jawa, Sumatera); Iran, Islamic Republic of; Lao People's Democratic Republic; Malaysia; Myanmar; Nepal; Pakistan; Sri Lanka; Thailand; Viet Nam
|♦ Upper elevation limit (metres):||1500|
|Range Map:||Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.|