|Scientific Name:||Potentilla supina L.|
Argentina supina (L.) Lam.
Comarum supinum (L.) Alef.
Fragaria supina (L.) Crantz
Tridophyllum supinum (L.) Greene
|Taxonomic Notes:||Potentilla supina has a synonym known as Tridophyllum supinum.
Plants are herbs annual or biennial. Roots slender, with sparse lateral rootlets. Flowering stems spreading, ascending, or erect, dichotomously branched, 20?50 cm tall, together with petioles pilose or glabrescent. Radical leaves 4?15 cm including petiole; stipules brown, membranous, abaxially pilose or glabrescent; leaf blade 3-foliolate or pinnate with 2?5 pairs of leaflets; leaflets alternate or opposite, sessile, or terminal leaflet shortly petiolulate or subsessile, both surfaces green, oblong or obovate-oblong, 1?2.5 × 0.5?1.5 cm, both surfaces pilose or glabrescent, base cuneate or broadly so, often decurrent and adnate to rachis in apical 1 or 2 pairs of leaflets, margin obtusely serrate, incised serrate, or 2- or 3-parted, apex obtuse or acute; cauline leaves resembling radical ones but pairs of leaflets fewer higher up stem; stipules green, herbaceous, margin entire, serrate, or parted. Inflorescence terminal, corymbose-cymose, with axillary flowers on lower part of flowering stem. Flowers 6?8 mm in diam.; pedicel 0.8?1.5 cm, densely pubescent. Sepals triangular-ovate, apex acute; epicalyx segments oblong-elliptic or elliptic-lanceolate, nearly equaling or slightly longer than sepals, apex acute. Petals yellow, obovate, slightly shorter than sepals, apex emarginate. Style subterminal, base thickened, papillate; stigma dilated. Achenes cylindric, rugose, apex acute. Fl. and fr. Mar?Oct.
Encyclopedia of Life(EOL).
|Red List Category & Criteria:||Least Concern ver 3.1|
|Reviewer(s):||Lansdown, R.V. & Smith, K.|
This species has a very broad geographical range and is certainly locally abundant. It is therefore classed as Least Concern.
|Range Description:||This species is widespread both in temperate to tropical regions; it is found in Africa and temperate Asia to China, Japan, tropical Asia, the Indian subcontinent and throughout much of Europe and North America.|
This taxon is very common in Turkey where it is found in: Edirne: by the river Meriç, W of Karpuzlu; Zonguldak: S of Karabük, 250-300 m; Amasya: Çengel Çan, 600 m; Niğde/Kayseri: Niğde to Kayseri, 1,400 m; Erzurum, 1,900 m; Van: Artos Dağı above Gevaş, 2,000 m; Antalya: Karagöl near Yuva, 1,000 m; Konya: Konya to Çumra, Küçükköy, 980 m; Içel: Bürücek, 1,350 m; Hakkari: Yüksekova, 1,950 m (Davis 1965-1985); Denizli: Işıklı Göl, Çivril; Kayseri: Altıkesek Regülatörü, Pınarbaşı; Van: Van Gölü; Adana: Seyhan Baraj Gölü (Seçmen 1997); Afyon: Sincanlı, Akören village, 1,050 m (Akçiçek 2003); Isparta: Lake Beyşehir shore, 1,000 m (Mutlu 2003); Ankara: between Güdül and Yeşilöz, around old bridge, Kirmir valley, (N 40° 14' 39.2"-E 32° 15' 25.2"), 750 m (Elçi 2005); Van: around Adaklı village, 2,500 m (Ünal 2007). It is known only one location in Iraq: Lower Mesopotamia, Babylonia (Rechinger 1964).
Native:Afghanistan; Armenia; Australia; Austria; Azerbaijan; Bangladesh; Belgium; Bhutan; Bulgaria; Canada; China (Anhui, Gansu, Guangdong, Guizhou, Hebei, Heilongjiang, Henan, Hubei, Hunan, Jiangsu, Jiangxi, Jilin, Liaoning, Nei Mongol, Ningxia, Shaanxi, Shandong, Shanxi, Sichuan, Xinjiang, Yunnan, Zhejiang); Croatia; Czech Republic; Egypt; Finland; France; Germany; Greece; Greenland; Hungary; India; Indonesia; Iran, Islamic Republic of; Iraq; Italy; Japan; Kazakhstan; Korea, Democratic People's Republic of; Korea, Republic of; Lebanon; Macedonia, the former Yugoslav Republic of; Mongolia; Montenegro; Morocco; Myanmar; Namibia; Nepal; Netherlands; Norway; Pakistan; Poland; Portugal; Romania; Russian Federation; Serbia; Slovakia; Slovenia; South Africa; Spain; Sri Lanka; Sudan; Sweden; Switzerland; Tajikistan; Tunisia; Turkey; Turkmenistan; United Kingdom; United States; Uzbekistan
|Range Map:||Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.|
|Population:||This species is fairly common within its distribution.|
|Current Population Trend:||Unknown|
|Habitat and Ecology:||The plants of Potentilla supina generally grow on dampish waste ground, ditches, meadows, wet places on mountain slopes, sandy river banks and field margins.|
The plant prefers light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils and requires well-drained soil. The plant prefers acid, neutral and basic (alkaline) soils. It can grow in semi-shade (light woodland) or no shade. It requires moist soil (Plants For A Future)
|Use and Trade:||The leaves of this plant are cooked and eaten in emergencies when nothing else is available. Medicinally it acts as astringent, febrifuge, odantologic and tonic. The root is astringent, febrifige and tonic. Pieces of roots are kept in the mouth for few hours to control toothache, and the juice of root is used for indigestion. It contains Catechin and is used as a hemostatic in Chinese traditional medicine. It has also been found to be effective in treating diarrhoea and gastrointestinal disorders. It has also been found to be bacteriostatic and virostatic. It is also used ornamentally.|
|Major Threat(s):||Presently there are no reported major widespread threats to this taxa.|
|Conservation Actions:||No conservation actions are required.|
|Citation:||Kavak, S. 2014. Potentilla supina. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2014: e.T164521A1057132.Downloaded on 20 November 2017.|
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