|Scientific Name:||Parnassia palustris L.|
|Red List Category & Criteria:||Least Concern ver 3.1|
|Contributor(s):||Stanley, C., Flanagan, D., Rhazi, M., Grillas, P., Bilz, M. & Rhazi, L.|
This species is classed as Least Concern as it is widespread with stable populations in parts of its range and therefore the risk of the species going extinct in Europe is quite low. However, it is of concern that the species is classed as threatened on various national red lists and local conservation measures are required.
|Range Description:||Parnassia palustris is a circumboreal species. Its world distribution encompasses North America, northern and central Asia, North Africa and all of Europe, where it is rare in the south.|
Native:Albania; Andorra; Austria; Belarus; Belgium; Bosnia and Herzegovina; Bulgaria; Canada (Alberta, British Columbia, Labrador, Manitoba, Newfoundland I, Northwest Territories, Nova Scotia, Nunavut, Ontario, Prince Edward I., Québec, Saskatchewan, Yukon); China (Hebei, Heilongjiang, Jilin, Liaoning, Nei Mongol, Ningxia, Shanxi, Xinjiang); Croatia; Czech Republic; Denmark; Estonia; Finland; France (France (mainland)); Germany; Greece (Greece (mainland)); Hungary; Iceland; Ireland; Italy (Italy (mainland)); Japan; Kazakhstan; Korea, Democratic People's Republic of; Korea, Republic of; Latvia; Lithuania; Luxembourg; Macedonia, the former Yugoslav Republic of; Moldova; Mongolia; Montenegro; Netherlands; Norway; Poland; Romania; Serbia; Slovakia; Slovenia; Spain (Spain (mainland)); Sweden; Switzerland; Turkey (Turkey-in-Asia); Ukraine (Ukraine (main part)); United Kingdom; United States (Alaska, Arizona, California, Colorado, Idaho, Michigan, Minnesota, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, North Dakota, Oregon, South Dakota, Utah, Washington, Wisconsin, Wyoming)
|Range Map:||Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.|
This species is widespread and abundant throughout its known range. There is no detailed information available on population size.
|Current Population Trend:||Decreasing|
|Habitat and Ecology:||It is a perennial herbaceous plant (Hemicryptophyte) that inhabits swamps, mires, fens, peatlands, dune-slacks and short grassland (Preston et al. 2002, Castroviejo et al. 1997). Flowering occurs in summer and autumn (July-October).|
|Use and Trade:||Parnassia palustris is a medicinal plant that is used to treat stomatitis in the form of a mouthwash, to heal wounds, or as an eye lotion (Plants For A Future 2012).|
|Major Threat(s):||The drainage of wetlands for agricultural purposes is the main threat for this species.|
Parnassia palustris is included on the following national red lists:
|Citation:||Lansdown, R.V. 2014. Parnassia palustris. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2014: e.T164421A42399385.Downloaded on 18 December 2017.|
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