Cubiceps pauciradiatus 

Scope: Global
Language: English

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Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family
Animalia Chordata Actinopterygii Perciformes Nomeidae

Scientific Name: Cubiceps pauciradiatus Günther, 1872
Common Name(s):
English Bigeye Cigarfish

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Least Concern ver 3.1
Year Published: 2015
Date Assessed: 2013-05-21
Assessor(s): Iwamoto, T., Singh-Renton, S., Pina Amargos, F., Aiken, K.A., Collette, B.B., Marechal, J. & Kishore, R.
Reviewer(s): Strongin, K., Polidoro, B. & Carpenter, K.E.
Facilitator/Compiler(s): Harwell, H.
The Bigeye Cigarfish occurs in the Caribbean, as well as the equatorial and central waters of all the oceans. This species plays an important trophic role and is a major prey item for tunas, billfishes and marine mammals. It is not of interest to fisheries and there are no known threats to this species. It is listed as Least Concern.

Geographic Range [top]

Range Description:Cubiceps pauciradiatus occurs in the Caribbean, as well as the equatorial and central waters of all the oceans (Haedrich 2002). In the western Atlantic, it is found from Nova Scotia to Florida, USA and the Gulf of Mexico to Argentina. (Cervigón 1994). This species is found from Mauritania to South Africa in West Africa (T. Iwamoto pers. comm. 2013). This species is found in depths of 58 to 1000 m (Cervigón 1994).
Countries occurrence:
American Samoa; Angola; Anguilla; Antigua and Barbuda; Argentina; Aruba; Australia; Bahamas; Bangladesh; Barbados; Belize; Benin; Bermuda; Bonaire, Sint Eustatius and Saba; Brazil; British Indian Ocean Territory; Brunei Darussalam; Cambodia; Cameroon; Canada; Cape Verde; Cayman Islands; China; Christmas Island; Colombia; Comoros; Congo; Congo, The Democratic Republic of the; Cook Islands; Costa Rica; Côte d'Ivoire; Cuba; Curaçao; Disputed Territory (Paracel Is., Spratly Is.); Djibouti; Dominica; Dominican Republic; Ecuador; El Salvador; Equatorial Guinea; Eritrea; Fiji; France (Clipperton I.); French Guiana; French Polynesia; French Southern Territories; Gabon; Gambia; Ghana; Grenada; Guadeloupe; Guatemala; Guinea; Guinea-Bissau; Guyana; Haiti; Honduras; India; Indonesia; Iran, Islamic Republic of; Jamaica; Japan; Kenya; Kiribati; Korea, Democratic People's Republic of; Korea, Republic of; Liberia; Madagascar; Malaysia; Maldives; Marshall Islands; Martinique; Mauritania; Mauritius; Mayotte; Mexico; Micronesia, Federated States of ; Montserrat; Mozambique; Myanmar; Namibia; Nauru; New Caledonia; New Zealand; Nicaragua; Nigeria; Niue; Northern Mariana Islands; Oman; Pakistan; Palau; Panama; Papua New Guinea; Peru; Philippines; Puerto Rico; Réunion; Saint Barthélemy; Saint Helena, Ascension and Tristan da Cunha (Ascension); Saint Kitts and Nevis; Saint Lucia; Saint Martin (French part); Saint Pierre and Miquelon; Saint Vincent and the Grenadines; Samoa; Sao Tomé and Principe; Senegal; Seychelles; Sierra Leone; Singapore; Sint Maarten (Dutch part); Solomon Islands; Somalia; South Africa; Sri Lanka; Suriname; Taiwan, Province of China; Tanzania, United Republic of; Thailand; Timor-Leste; Togo; Tokelau; Tonga; Trinidad and Tobago; Turks and Caicos Islands; Tuvalu; United Arab Emirates; United States; United States Minor Outlying Islands (Howland-Baker Is., Johnston I., US Line Is., Wake Is.); Uruguay; Vanuatu; Venezuela, Bolivarian Republic of; Viet Nam; Virgin Islands, British; Virgin Islands, U.S.; Wallis and Futuna; Yemen
FAO Marine Fishing Areas:
Additional data:
Lower depth limit (metres):1000
Upper depth limit (metres):58
Range Map:Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Population [top]

Population:This species is common (Collette pers. comm. 2013). There are 818 occurrence records and 268 museum records for Cubiceps pauciradiatus (Froese and Pauly 2011, 2012) and lots typically contain one to two individuals, although several lots contain over 10 individuals. Salekhov (1989) showed that the largest catches of C. pauciradiatus occurred in tropical waters along the periphery of cyclonic gyres, the Equatorial Counter Current, and the upwelling region of the Sierra-Leone Ridge. The Gulf of Mexico may support a large subpopulation of this species because of the tendency for C. pauciradiatus to be abundant around the edges of gyres and upwelling areas (Lamkin 1997). Cubiceps pauciradiatus is one of the ten most abundant species in the plankton of the eastern tropical Pacific Ocean (Ambrose et al. 2002). This is a common and abundant species off of West Africa according to the Nansen Surveys (Iwamoto pers. comm. 2013).
Current Population Trend:Unknown
Additional data:

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Habitat and Ecology:The maximum length for Cubiceps pauciradiatus is 20 cm (Haedrich 2002). It is a major prey item for tunas, billfishes and marine mammals in the tropical Indian Ocean (Potier et al. 2008). The trophic importance of this species has also been observed in the eastern Atlantic (Ménard et al. 2000, Bard et al. 2002).  The lifespan for C. pauciradiatus is one to two years and peak spawning occurs from December to April in tropical waters (Lamkin 1997). Juveniles remain in the top 100 m at night and C. pauciradiatus found in the upper layers move to depths of 200-300 m during daytime in the tropical Indian Ocean (Salekhov 1989). The have been recorded down to 1,000 m (Cervigon 1994). The preferred habitat and probable spawning area for C. pauciradiatus is associated with sharp temperature gradients associated with the Loop Current in the eastern Gulf and to anticyclonic-cyclonic rings in the western Gulf of Mexico (Lamkin 1997). Juveniles are found in the surface of Sargassum.


Use and Trade [top]

Use and Trade: This species is likely captured incidentally in trawl fisheries, where it may be utilized, however, this is not a significant threat (Iwamoto pers. comm. 2013).

Threats [top]

Major Threat(s): This species is not currently facing any known threats.

Conservation Actions [top]

Conservation Actions: There are no species-specific conservation efforts in place for Cubiceps pauciradiatus.

Citation: Iwamoto, T., Singh-Renton, S., Pina Amargos, F., Aiken, K.A., Collette, B.B., Marechal, J. & Kishore, R. 2015. Cubiceps pauciradiatus. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2015: e.T16439367A16509692. . Downloaded on 15 October 2018.
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