Eleocharis geniculata


Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family

Scientific Name: Eleocharis geniculata
Species Authority: (L.) Roem. & Schult.
Common Name(s):
English Canada Spikesedge, Spike Rush
Eleocharis caribaea (Rottb.) S.F. Blake
Scirpus caribaeus Rottb.
Scirpus geniculatus L.

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Least Concern ver 3.1
Year Published: 2013
Date Assessed: 2010-11-06
Assessor(s): Kumar, B.
Reviewer(s): Sadasivaiah, B., Bhat, G.K., Rao, M.L.V., Dahanukar, N. & García, N.
Contributor(s): Molur, S., Knees, S.G. & Patzelt, A.
Eleocharis geniculata is a widespread species and it is also common throughout its range. Even though the species is used in medicine it does not pose a threat to the species. Since there are no known threats to the species it is Least Concern.
2013 Least Concern

Geographic Range [top]

Range Description: Eleocharis geniculata is cosmopolitan in tropical to warm regions.

In India it is known to occur in Andaman and Nicobar, Andhra Pradesh, Gujarat, Goa, Karnataka, Kerala, Madhya Pradesh (Raipur, Shivpuri), Maharasthra (Kini, Kotoli, Ahmednagar, Akola, Amaravati, Buldhana, Chandrapur, Dhule, Kolhapur, Nagpur, Nasik, Pune, Raigad, Ratnagiri, Satara, Sindhudurg, Thane, Yavatamal ), Rajasthan, Tamil Nadu (Chengalpattu, Kanyakumari, Madurai, North Arcot, South Arcot, Ramanathapuram, Salem, Trichirapalli, Tirunelveli-near Thirumalaikovil, Kanyakumari-Thengampatnam, Salem, Pudukottai, Ramanathapuram-Sundarapandiyapattam, Tanjore, Madras), Uttar Pradesh and West Bengal (Cook 1996, Verma 2001, Lakshminarasimhan 1996, BSI Coimbatore).

In the Arabian Peninsula it is known from the Asir region of Saudi Arabia (Chaudhary 2001), the Hajar Mountains (Jongbloed 2003), Dhofar and northern Oman (Ghazanfar 1992) and a wide area in Yemen (Wood 1997, Al Khulaidi in prep.).
Angola (Angola); Bangladesh; Benin; Botswana; Burkina Faso; Burundi; Cambodia; Cameroon; Central African Republic; China (Yunnan); Congo; Congo, The Democratic Republic of the; Côte d'Ivoire; Ethiopia; Gabon; Ghana; India (Andaman Is., Andhra Pradesh, Goa, Gujarat, Karnataka, Kerala, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Nicobar Is., Rajasthan, Tamil Nadu, Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal); Indonesia; Kenya; Lao People's Democratic Republic; Liberia; Malawi; Malaysia; Mauritius; Mozambique; Myanmar; Nigeria; Oman; Philippines; Rwanda; Saudi Arabia; Sierra Leone; Singapore; South Africa; South Sudan; Sri Lanka; Sudan; Thailand; Timor-Leste; Togo; Uganda; Viet Nam; Yemen; Zimbabwe
Range Map: Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Population [top]


This is a very common and gregarious species where it occurs.

Population Trend: Stable

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Habitat and Ecology: It is an annual herb, potently grows in clumps, gregarious in shallow water, particularly common in fallow rice fields, sometimes in brackish water by the sea and also grows in wet sandy localities (Cook 1996, Yadav and Sardesai 2002).
Systems: Terrestrial; Freshwater

Use and Trade [top]

Use and Trade: It is an important herb, which has a high medicinal value. It is used as a analgesic drug, its leaves are used in the treatment of rainbow sickness, fever, backache, stiff neck. An infusion of the leaves is used to relieve headaches and diarrhoea. The external part of the plant is used for fire sickness, fever and body rashes (Daniel and Moerman 1998).

Threats [top]

Major Threat(s):

No threats have been reported for this species.


Conservation Actions [top]

Conservation Actions: No conservation actions are known to be taken for this species.

Citation: Kumar, B. 2013. Eleocharis geniculata. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2015.2. <>. Downloaded on 01 September 2015.
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