|Scientific Name:||Eleocharis geniculata|
|Species Authority:||(L.) Roem. & Schult.|
Eleocharis caribaea (Rottb.) S.F. Blake
Scirpus caribaeus Rottb.
Scirpus geniculatus L.
|Red List Category & Criteria:||Least Concern ver 3.1|
|Reviewer(s):||Sadasivaiah, B., Bhat, G.K., Rao, M.L.V., Dahanukar, N. & García, N.|
|Contributor(s):||Molur, S., Knees, S.G. & Patzelt, A.|
Eleocharis geniculata is a widespread species and it is also common throughout its range. Even though the species is used in medicine it does not pose a threat to the species. Since there are no known threats to the species it is Least Concern.
Eleocharis geniculata is cosmopolitan in tropical to warm regions.
In India it is known to occur in Andaman and Nicobar, Andhra Pradesh, Gujarat, Goa, Karnataka, Kerala, Madhya Pradesh (Raipur, Shivpuri), Maharasthra (Kini, Kotoli, Ahmednagar, Akola, Amaravati, Buldhana, Chandrapur, Dhule, Kolhapur, Nagpur, Nasik, Pune, Raigad, Ratnagiri, Satara, Sindhudurg, Thane, Yavatamal ), Rajasthan, Tamil Nadu (Chengalpattu, Kanyakumari, Madurai, North Arcot, South Arcot, Ramanathapuram, Salem, Trichirapalli, Tirunelveli-near Thirumalaikovil, Kanyakumari-Thengampatnam, Salem, Pudukottai, Ramanathapuram-Sundarapandiyapattam, Tanjore, Madras), Uttar Pradesh and West Bengal (Cook 1996, Verma 2001, Lakshminarasimhan 1996, BSI Coimbatore).
In the Arabian Peninsula it is known from the Asir region of Saudi Arabia (Chaudhary 2001), the Hajar Mountains (Jongbloed 2003), Dhofar and northern Oman (Ghazanfar 1992) and a wide area in Yemen (Wood 1997, Al Khulaidi in prep.).
Native:Angola (Angola); Bangladesh; Benin; Botswana; Burkina Faso; Burundi; Cambodia; Cameroon; Central African Republic; China (Yunnan); Congo; Congo, The Democratic Republic of the; Côte d'Ivoire; Ethiopia; Gabon; Ghana; India (Andaman Is., Andhra Pradesh, Goa, Gujarat, Karnataka, Kerala, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Nicobar Is., Rajasthan, Tamil Nadu, Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal); Indonesia; Kenya; Lao People's Democratic Republic; Liberia; Malawi; Malaysia; Mauritius; Mozambique; Myanmar; Nigeria; Oman; Philippines; Rwanda; Saudi Arabia; Sierra Leone; Singapore; South Africa; South Sudan; Sri Lanka; Sudan; Thailand; Timor-Leste; Togo; Uganda; Viet Nam; Yemen; Zimbabwe
|Range Map:||Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.|
This is a very common and gregarious species where it occurs.
|Habitat and Ecology:||It is an annual herb, potently grows in clumps, gregarious in shallow water, particularly common in fallow rice fields, sometimes in brackish water by the sea and also grows in wet sandy localities (Cook 1996, Yadav and Sardesai 2002).|
|Use and Trade:||It is an important herb, which has a high medicinal value. It is used as a analgesic drug, its leaves are used in the treatment of rainbow sickness, fever, backache, stiff neck. An infusion of the leaves is used to relieve headaches and diarrhoea. The external part of the plant is used for fire sickness, fever and body rashes (Daniel and Moerman 1998).|
No threats have been reported for this species.
|Conservation Actions:||No conservation actions are known to be taken for this species.|
|Citation:||Kumar, B. 2013. Eleocharis geniculata. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2014.3. <www.iucnredlist.org>. Downloaded on 19 December 2014.|
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