|Scientific Name:||Eryngium corniculatum Lam.|
|Red List Category & Criteria:||Least Concern ver 3.1|
|Assessor(s):||Rhazi, L., Grillas, P., Rhazi, M. & Flanagan, D.|
|Reviewer(s):||Hugot, L., Bagella, S., Muller, S.D. & Temple, H. (IUCN Species Programme)|
Eryngium corniculatum is a widespread species and is known from many sites within its range. The population trend is not known, but it is common in at least parts of its range. It is therefore listed as Least Concern.
|Range Description:||Eryngium corniculatum is a steno-Mediterranean species. Its distribution is limited to the west of the Mediterranean basin occurring in Portugal, Spain, Sardinia (Italy) and Morocco. |
In the Mediterranean basin, its extent of occurrence covers over 30,000 km² and it is present in several locations.
Native:Italy (Sardegna); Morocco; Portugal (Portugal (mainland)); Spain (Spain (mainland))
|Range Map:||Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.|
|Population:||The species is fairly common in the Mediterranean region, occurring in numerous locations in the Iberian Peninsula. It is common in Portugal and Spain, occurring at 121 sites essentially concentrated in the east of the peninsula (14 provinces in Spain and seven provinces in Portugal). In Italy it is solely present in Sardinia. |
In Morocco, the species is present in only two locations in the west of the Rif (Malaliyine and Negro). The populations are very small, restricted and threatened due to coastal urbanization. The trend of the populations is unknown.
|Current Population Trend:||Unknown|
|Habitat and Ecology:||It is an annual to biennial herbaceous plant (Therophyte) that is found in temporary pools, lagoons and along riverbeds. Flowering occurs during summer (June-July).|
|Major Threat(s):||The main threats to this species are the urbanization of the Moroccan coastline around Tanger and the related drainage of its habitat.|
There are no conservation measures in place but the following actions are recommended:
- Monitor the existing sites and search for new sites
- Legal protection of the species in North Africa (List of protected species in Morocco)
- Implementation of legal protection measures (environmental impact legislation)
- Study the species' biology and follow-up the population dynamics
|Citation:||Rhazi, L., Grillas, P., Rhazi, M. & Flanagan, D. 2010. Eryngium corniculatum. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2010: e.T164200A5774214.Downloaded on 18 January 2018.|
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