Sphenoclea zeylanica 


Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family
Plantae Tracheophyta Magnoliopsida Campanulales Campanulaceae

Scientific Name: Sphenoclea zeylanica
Species Authority: Gartn.

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Least Concern ver 3.1
Year Published: 2014
Date Assessed: 2013-04-27
Assessor(s): Mani, S.
Reviewer(s): Lansdown, R.V. & Smith, K.
Contributor(s): Molur, S.
Sphenoclea zeylanica is common and widespread, there are no known major threats to the species and it is therefore classed as Least Concern.

Note: This species was erroneously included on The IUCN Red List (version 2014.1) as Data Deficient; the correct assessment is Least Concern.
Previously published Red List assessments:
2014 Data Deficient (DD)
2013 Least Concern (LC)

Geographic Range [top]

Range Description:

This species has a pantropical distribution, occurring throughout much of Southeast Asia and parts of Africa, as well as parts of North, Central and South America.

Countries occurrence:
Bangladesh; Bolivia, Plurinational States of; Cambodia; Colombia; Costa Rica; Ecuador; India (Andaman Is., Assam, Delhi, Goa, Kerala, Manipur, Punjab, Rajasthan, Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal); Indonesia; Iran, Islamic Republic of; Lao People's Democratic Republic; Madagascar; Malaysia; Myanmar; Nepal; Nicaragua; Nigeria; Pakistan; Paraguay; Peru; Philippines; Senegal; Solomon Islands; Sri Lanka; Suriname; Tanzania, United Republic of; Thailand; United States (Alabama - Introduced, Arkansas - Introduced, Florida - Introduced, Georgia - Introduced, Louisiana - Introduced, Mississippi - Introduced, Missouri - Introduced, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Texas); Venezuela, Bolivarian Republic of; Viet Nam; Zambia
Range Map: Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Population [top]


This species is very widespread. It is a rice field weed and is introduced throughout much of the southern United States.

Current Population Trend: Stable
Additional data:

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Habitat and Ecology:

This species occurs in seasonally wet areas, on moist soil or on low riverbanks, along ditches, marshes, dry riverbeds and ponds, up to 300 m asl. It is also found in lowland- irrigated and rain-fed rice fields.  It can tolerate brackish water. 

Systems: Terrestrial; Freshwater
Continuing decline in area, extent and/or quality of habitat: Unknown

Use and Trade [top]

Use and Trade:

In Java, young plants and tips of older plants are steamed and eaten with rice (Datta and Banerjee 1978).

Threats [top]

Major Threat(s):

No threats have been reported for this species.

Conservation Actions [top]

Conservation Actions:

No conservation actions are known or needed for this species.

Citation: Mani, S. 2014. Sphenoclea zeylanica. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2014: e.T164176A63303037. . Downloaded on 30 November 2015.
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