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Sphenoclea zeylanica

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Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family
PLANTAE TRACHEOPHYTA MAGNOLIOPSIDA CAMPANULALES CAMPANULACEAE

Scientific Name: Sphenoclea zeylanica
Species Authority: Gartn.

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Least Concern ver 3.1
Year Published: 2011
Date Assessed: 2010-12-22
Assessor/s: Mani, S.
Reviewer/s: Rao, M.L.V., Karuppasamy, S., Bhat, G.K., Sadasivaiah, B. & Dahanukar, N.
Contributor/s: Molur, S.
Justification:
Sphenoclea zeylanica is a common and widespread species found pantropically. There are no known major threats to the species. It is therefore Least Concern.

Geographic Range [top]

Range Description:

Sphenoclea zeylanica is widely distributed pantropically. In India, it is found in Andaman, Assam, Delhi, Goa, Kerala, Manipur, Punjab, Rajasthan, Uttar Pradesh and West Bengal (Cook 1996).



Countries:
Native:
Bangladesh; Cambodia; Colombia; Costa Rica; Ecuador; India (Andaman Is., Assam, Delhi, Goa, Kerala, Manipur, Punjab, Rajasthan, Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal); Indonesia; Lao People's Democratic Republic; Malaysia; Myanmar; Pakistan; Paraguay; Peru; Philippines; Sri Lanka; Thailand; Viet Nam; Zambia
Range Map: Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Population [top]

Population:

This is a common species throughout its range.

Population Trend: Stable

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Habitat and Ecology:

It is present in almost any kind of moist soil or on low riverbanks, along ditches, marshes, dry riverbeds, ponds; up to 300 m alt. Also found in lowland- irrigated and rained rice fields.  Whereas, it is seasonally submerged, emergent or temporarily, terrestrial, often found in swampy areas, along the banks of water courses and in rice fields. It can tolerate brackish water. It is autogamous but perhaps also sometimes pollinated by insects. The disseminules are small seeds, dispersed in mud and perhaps also by other means. It is often gregarious becoming a troublesome weed in rice fields (Cook 1996).

Systems: Terrestrial; Freshwater

Threats [top]

Major Threat(s):

No threats have been reported for this species.

Conservation Actions [top]

Conservation Actions:

No conservation actions are known or needed for this species.

Citation: Mani, S. 2011. Sphenoclea zeylanica. In: IUCN 2013. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2013.2. <www.iucnredlist.org>. Downloaded on 24 April 2014.
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