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Agrostis stolonifera

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Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family
PLANTAE TRACHEOPHYTA LILIOPSIDA CYPERALES GRAMINEAE

Scientific Name: Agrostis stolonifera
Species Authority: L.
Common Name(s):
English Creeping Bent Grass, Spreading Bent, Fiorin, Creeping Bent
French Agrostide Stolonifère
Spanish Agróstide Estolonífera
Synonym(s):
Agrostis adscendens Lange
Agrostis alba subspecies stolonifera (L.) V. Jirásek
Agrostis capillaris Pollich
Agrostis filifolia Link
Agrostis karsensis Litv.
Agrostis stolonifera subspecies prorepens Koch
Agrostis stolonizans Schult. & Schult. f.
Agrostis zerovii Klokov
Taxonomic Notes:

Agrostis stolonifera L. is a wild relative of the cultivated form, creeping bent grass.

Valdés and Scholz; with contributions from Raab-Straube and Parolly (2009) recognize seven subspecies which are native to Europe: A. stolonifera ssp. albida (Trin.) Tzvelev, A. stolonifera ssp. filfiolia (Link) H. Scholz, A. stolonifera ssp. gaditana (Boiss. & Reut.) Valdés & H. Scholz, A. stolonifera ssp. maritima (Lam.) Vasc., A. stolonifera ssp. scabriglumis (Boiss. & Reut.) Maire, A. stolonifera ssp. stolonifera and A. stolonifera ssp. straminea (Hartm.) Tzvelev. However, the subordinate taxa are poorly defined and taxonomic recognition between authors is inconsistent. It is therefore unlikely that taxonomic issues will affect the conservation or Red List assessment of this species.

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Least Concern ver 3.1
Year Published: 2014
Date Assessed: 2013-02-28
Assessor(s): Lansdown, R.V.
Reviewer(s): Smith, K.
Contributor(s): Kell, S.P.
Justification:
This species is classed as Least Concern as it is widespread with stable populations and does not face any major threats.

 

Geographic Range [top]

Range Description:

A. stolonifera has a circumboreal distribution from Europe, Macaronesia and North Africa east to China and the Korean Peninsula. It has been introduced to North America, Australia, New Zealand and many Pacific Ocean island groups (The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Garden, Kew 2013). 

Countries:
Native:
Afghanistan; Albania; Algeria; Andorra; Austria; Belarus; Belgium; Bhutan; Bosnia and Herzegovina; Bulgaria; Chad; China (Anhui, Gansu, Guizhou, Heilongjiang, Nei Mongol, Ningxia, Shaanxi, Shandong, Shanxi, Tibet [or Xizang], Xinjiang, Yunnan); Colombia; Costa Rica (Costa Rica (mainland)); Croatia; Cyprus; Czech Republic; Denmark; Egypt (Sinai); Estonia; Faroe Islands; Finland; France (Corsica, France (mainland)); French Polynesia (Marquesas); French Southern Territories (Amsterdam-St. Paul Is., Crozet Is., Kerguelen); Georgia (Abkhaziya, Adzhariya, Gruziya); Germany; Greece (Greece (mainland), Kriti); Guernsey; Hungary; Iceland; Iran, Islamic Republic of; Iraq; Ireland; Isle of Man; Italy (Italy (mainland), Sardegna, Sicilia); Jersey; Kazakhstan; Korea, Republic of; Latvia; Lebanon; Libya; Liechtenstein; Lithuania; Luxembourg; Macedonia, the former Yugoslav Republic of; Malta; Moldova; Monaco; Mongolia; Montenegro; Morocco; Nepal; Netherlands; Norway; Pakistan; Palestinian Territory, Occupied; Poland; Portugal (Azores - Introduced, Madeira, Portugal (mainland)); Romania; Russian Federation (Altay, Buryatiya, Central European Russia, Chita, East European Russia, Irkutsk, Kaliningrad, Kamchatka - Introduced, Khabarovsk - Introduced, Krasnodar, Kuril Is. - Introduced, Magadan - Introduced, North European Russia, Northwest European Russia, Primoryi - Introduced, Sakhalin - Introduced, South European Russia, Tuva, West Siberia, Yakutiya); Serbia (Kosovo, Serbia, Serbia); Slovakia; Slovenia; Spain (Baleares, Canary Is. - Introduced, Spain (mainland)); Sri Lanka; Sweden; Switzerland; Tunisia; Turkey (Turkey-in-Asia, Turkey-in-Europe); Turkmenistan; Ukraine (Ukraine (main part)); United Kingdom
Introduced:
Australia (New South Wales, Queensland, Tasmania, Victoria, Western Australia); Canada (Alberta, British Columbia, Labrador, Manitoba, New Brunswick, Newfoundland I, Northwest Territories, Nova Scotia, Ontario, Prince Edward I., Québec, Saskatchewan); Chile (Easter Is.); Greenland; Mexico (Aguascalientes, Baja California, Baja California Sur, Campeche, Chiapas, Chihuahua, Coahuila, Colima, Durango, Guadalupe I., Guanajuato, Guerrero, Hidalgo, Jalisco, México Distrito Federal, México State, Michoacán, Morelos, Nayarit, Nuevo León, Oaxaca, Puebla, Querétaro, Quintana Roo, Revillagigedo Is., Rocas Alijos, San Luis Potosí, Sinaloa, Sonora, Tabasco, Tamaulipas, Tlaxcala, Veracruz, Yucatán, Zacatecas); New Zealand (Antipodean Is., Chatham Is., North Is., South Is.); Saint Helena, Ascension and Tristan da Cunha (Tristan da Cunha); South Africa (Marion-Prince Edward Is.); United States (Alabama, Alaska, Arizona, Arkansas, California, Colorado, Connecticut, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia - Native, Georgia, Hawaiian Is., Idaho, Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maine, Maryland, Massachusetts, Michigan, Minnesota, Mississippi, Missouri, Montana, Nebraska, Nevada, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New Mexico, New York, North Carolina, North Dakota, Ohio, Oregon, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, South Carolina, South Dakota, Tennessee, Texas, Utah, Vermont, Virginia, Washington, West Virginia, Wisconsin, Wyoming); Venezuela, Bolivarian Republic of
Range Map: Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Population [top]

Population:

This species is widespread and abundant throughout its known range. There is no detailed information available on population size.

Population Trend: Stable

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Habitat and Ecology:

A. stolonifera will occur in most wetland types, as well as many more or less dry habitats. It typically occurs in seasonally inundated grassland, grassland with a high water table, the margins of permanent and temporary flowing and standing water bodies and disturbed ground. It can be a troublesome weed of agriculture. It has a reasonably high degree of salt-tolerance and may extend into the upper levels of salt marshes.

Systems: Terrestrial; Freshwater

Use and Trade [top]

Use and Trade: It is widely cultivated for forage and is used for turf. Wild populations may harbour important genetic diversity for crop improvement.

Threats [top]

Major Threat(s):

There are no known past, ongoing, or future threats to this species.

Conservation Actions [top]

Conservation Actions: Agrostis stolonifera is listed in Annex I of the International Treaty on Plant Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture.

EURISCO reports 167 accessions of A. stolonifera held in European genebanks, 61 of which are reported to be of wild or weedy origin. All of these wild accessions originate from Europe in a range of countries, including the Czech Republic, Iceland, Ireland, Poland and Spain (EURISCO Catalogue 2010).

Citation: Lansdown, R.V. 2014. Agrostis stolonifera. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2014.2. <www.iucnredlist.org>. Downloaded on 21 October 2014.
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