|Scientific Name:||Lycopus europaeus L.|
Lycopus europaeus subsp. mollis (A.Kern.) Skalický
Lycopus menthifolia Mabille
|Taxonomic Notes:||There are no taxonomic issues affecting this name. The Flora of China includes L. exaltata within L. europaeus but we do not follow this treatment here. Some authorities recognise subspecies mollis and menthifolius but they are not recognised in this evaluation.|
|Red List Category & Criteria:||Least Concern ver 3.1|
This species is classed as Least Concern as it is widespread with stable populations and does not face any major threats.
|Range Description:||This is a circumboreal species that is found throughout most of Europe east to China and Japan, North Africa, and Macaronesia (Azores). It is considered to have been introduced in North America, where it is now widespread, and in New Zealand (The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew 2010).|
Native:Afghanistan; Albania; Algeria; Andorra; Armenia; Austria; Azerbaijan; Belarus; Belgium; Bosnia and Herzegovina; Bulgaria; Croatia; Cyprus; Czech Republic; Denmark; Estonia; Faroe Islands; Finland; France (Corsica, France (mainland)); Georgia; Germany; Greece (East Aegean Is., Greece (mainland), Kriti); Guernsey; Hungary; Iran, Islamic Republic of; Iraq; Ireland; Isle of Man; Italy (Italy (mainland), Sardegna, Sicilia); Jersey; Latvia; Liechtenstein; Lithuania; Luxembourg; Malta; Moldova; Montenegro; Morocco; Netherlands; Norway; Poland; Portugal (Azores, Madeira, Portugal (mainland)); Romania; Russian Federation (Central European Russia, East European Russia, European Russia, Kaliningrad, North European Russia, Northwest European Russia, South European Russia); Serbia; Slovakia; Slovenia; Spain (Baleares, Spain (mainland)); Sweden; Switzerland; Tunisia; Turkey (Turkey-in-Europe); Turkmenistan; Ukraine (Krym, Ukraine (main part)); United Kingdom (Great Britain, Northern Ireland)
Introduced:Canada; New Zealand; United States
|Range Map:||Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.|
|Population:||This species is widespread and abundant throughout its European and East Mediterranean range.|
|Current Population Trend:||Stable|
|Habitat and Ecology:||Lycopus europaeus is a perennial species (Hemicryptophyte). It will grow in most wetland types, being typical of marshy grassland, tall-herb fen and the margins of ponds and rivers. It is frequent in shaded streams.|
|Use and Trade:||There is some limited horticultural trade for landscaping and domestic gardens, but the potential impacts are limited.|
There are no known past, ongoing, or future threats to the survival of this species.
There are no conservation measures in place or needed.
|Citation:||Akhani, H. 2014. Lycopus europaeus. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2014: e.T163972A42319751.Downloaded on 23 November 2017.|
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