Euprymna scolopes 


Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family
Animalia Mollusca Cephalopoda Sepioloida Sepiolidae

Scientific Name: Euprymna scolopes
Species Authority: Berry, 1913
Taxonomic Notes: The taxonomy of this genus remains unresolved (Reid and Jereb 2005).

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Data Deficient ver 3.1
Year Published: 2012
Date Assessed: 2009-03-28
Assessor(s): Barratt, I. & Allcock, L.
Reviewer(s): Reid, A., Rogers, Alex & Bohm, M.
Contributor(s): Herdson, R. & Duncan, C.
Euprymna scolopes has been assessed as Data Deficient due to the persistence of taxonomic problems in the delineation of species in this genus making it impossible to determine whether it is threatened on a global scale.

Geographic Range [top]

Range Description: This species occurs in shallow water off Hawaii (Reid and Jereb 2005).
Countries occurrence:
United States (Hawaiian Is.)
FAO Marine Fishing Areas:
Pacific – eastern central
Range Map: Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Population [top]

Population: The population size of this species is unknown.
Current Population Trend: Unknown
Additional data:
Population severely fragmented: No

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Habitat and Ecology: This small species is found in shallow water inhabiting sandy and muddy areas near seagrass beds (Norman 2003). This species will glue sand grains to its body to form camouflage. This species buries itself in sand or mud during day and emerges at night to feed (Norman 2003). It has a light organ which emits just enough light to hide its silhouette at night from predators (Norman 2003). There has been much research performed on the bacteria held within its light organ (Norman 2003).
Systems: Marine

Use and Trade [top]

Use and Trade: This species is of no current interest to fisheries (Reid and Jereb, 2005).

Threats [top]

Major Threat(s): The threats to this species are unknown.

Conservation Actions [top]

Conservation Actions:  Further research is required to resolve taxonomic uncertainties and determine population trends and life history patterns of this species.

Citation: Barratt, I. & Allcock, L. 2012. Euprymna scolopes. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2012: e.T162598A925206. . Downloaded on 29 November 2015.
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