|Scientific Name:||Musschia wollastonii|
|Red List Category & Criteria:||Endangered D ver 3.1|
|Reviewer(s):||Carvalho, J.A. & Bilz, M.|
Musschia wollastonii is endemic to Madeira, Portugal, where it is found in scattered populations with an extent of occurrence of 524 km². The population is stable but the habitat quality is declining mainly due to invasive species. Further threats to the species are posed by trampling, recreational activities, collection, fires, droughts and landslides. The total population counts less than 250 mature individuals in total and this plant is therefore classed as Endangered.
|Range Description:||Musschia wollastonii is endemic to Madeira, Portugal, where it is found in scattered populations mainly along the north coast between 400-900 m (Fernandes et al. in: Martín et al. 2008). Its extent of occurrence is 524 km² (Commission of the European Communities 2009).|
|Range Map:||Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.|
|Population:||This species has been recorded in 17 localities (Commission of the European Communities 2009). The population is stable but counts less than 250 mature individuals in total (Fernandes et al. in: Martín et al. 2008).|
|Habitat and Ecology:||This species occurs in humid and shaded valleys of laurisilva forests with Ocotea foetens, normally within the Euphorbion melliferae. It grows in the Habitats Directive listed priority habitat 9360 "Macaronesian laurel forests (Laurus, Ocotea)" (Commission of the European Communities 2009, Martín et al. 2008).|
|Major Threat(s):||Invasive species are leading to habitat degradation and competition for this species. Trampling, recreational activities, collection, fires and natural factors such as droughts and landslides all affect this plant (Fernandes et al. in: Martín et al. 2008).|
Musschia wallostonii is listed as priority species on Annex II of the Habitats Directive and under Appendix I of the Convention on the Conservation of European Wildlife and Natural Habitats (Bern Convention).
A species recovery and reintroduction programme is recommended together with raising awareness among the public. Further research on the biology and ecology, population dynamics, and the impacts of conservation actions are needed (Fernandes et al. in: Martín et al. 2008).
|Citation:||Fernandes, F. 2013. Musschia wollastonii. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2014.3. <www.iucnredlist.org>. Downloaded on 19 April 2015.|
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