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Jasminum azoricum

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Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family
PLANTAE TRACHEOPHYTA MAGNOLIOPSIDA SCROPHULARIALES OLEACEAE

Scientific Name: Jasminum azoricum
Species Authority: L.

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Critically Endangered D ver 3.1
Year Published: 2011
Date Assessed: 2011-03-30
Assessor/s: Fernandes, F.
Reviewer/s: Carvalho, J.A. & Bilz, M.
Justification:
Jasminum azoricum is endemic to Madeira where it is found at two localities. The number of mature individuals has been reported to be between six and less than 50, the populations are stable. However, the habitat of the species is declining due to invasive species, agricultural, urban and infrastructure development, fires, droughts and landslides. This rare plant is therefore considered as Critically Endangered.

Geographic Range [top]

Range Description:

Jasminum azoricum is, despite its name, endemic to Madeira, Portugal. There are only two subpopulations, one in Funchal and the other in Ribeira Brava.

Countries:
Native:
Portugal (Madeira)
Range Map: Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Population [top]

Population: The number of mature individuals has been reported to be less than 50 by Fernandes et al. (in: Martín et al. 2008) and specified as only six individuals by the Commission of the European Communities (2009). The populations are stable.
Population Trend: Stable

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Habitat and Ecology: It forms part of the Mayteno umbellatae-Oleion maderensis ("Zambujal") (Commission of the European Communities 2009, Fernandes et al. in: Martín et al. 2008).
Systems: Terrestrial

Threats [top]

Major Threat(s): Habitat degradation due to invasive species which cause competition for Jasminum azoricum is one of the major threats. Agricultural, urban and infrastructure development are leading to further habitat loss and degradation. Fires, droughts and landslides can furthermore affect this plant (Fernandes et al. in: Martín et al. 2008).

Conservation Actions [top]

Conservation Actions: Jasminum azoricum is listed on Annex II of the Habitats Directive and under Appendix I of the Convention on the Conservation of European Wildlife and Natural Habitats (Bern Convention).
The following conservation measures are recommended for this rare species (Fernandes et al. in: Martín et al. 2008):
  • Raising public awareness
  • Management and restoration of its habitat
  • Establishment of protected areas
  • Reinforcement of the subpopulations and reintroductions
  • Control of invasive species and other threats
Furthermore, research on the ecology and biology of the species, population dynamics, habitat trends, and appropriate conservation measures are needed.
Citation: Fernandes, F. 2011. Jasminum azoricum. In: IUCN 2013. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2013.2. <www.iucnredlist.org>. Downloaded on 21 April 2014.
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