Tulipa hungarica 

Scope: Global & Europe
Language: English

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Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family
Plantae Tracheophyta Liliopsida Liliales Liliaceae

Scientific Name: Tulipa hungarica Borbas

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Near Threatened ver 3.1
Year Published: 2011
Date Assessed: 2011-03-01
Assessor(s): Stevanović, V.
Reviewer(s): Bilz, M. & Lutz, M.L.
Contributor(s): Stevanović, V.
European regional assessment: Near Threatened (NT)
EU 27 regional assessment: Near Threatened (NT)

Tulipa hungarica is endemic to the Iron Gates in Romania and Serbia, but is extinct in the latter. It is classed as Near Threatened approaching Criterion D1 as there are slightly more than 1,000 mature individuals in a small range. This species could be more threatened but there is no data about whether the population is in decline, the rate of decline or the area of occupancy.

Geographic Range [top]

Range Description:

This plant is endemic to Romania and Serbia. The species is found around the Iron Gates of the Danube. It is classed as Extinct in Serbia.

Countries occurrence:
Regionally extinct:
Additional data:
Range Map:Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Population [top]

Population:In Romania, there are over 1,000 mature individuals on the southern slopes of Iron Gate, although there are only a few of the subspecies Tulipa hungarica ssp. undulatifolia (S. Milanović pers. comm. 2008).

In Serbia, T. hungrica was rare on the north faced side of Iron Gate but has not been recorded in last ten years. Only herbarium specimens are proofs of occurrence of the species in Serbia.
Current Population Trend:Unknown
Additional data:
Number of mature individuals:1000-1500
Population severely fragmented:No

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Habitat and Ecology:It grows in open mixed deciduous forests, shrubs and steep stony limestone slopes.

Use and Trade [top]

Use and Trade: The species is collected for use in local gardens.

Threats [top]

Major Threat(s): Flooding caused the extinction of the species in Serbia. In Romania, all localities are situated above the zone of flooding of an artificial lake. However, the species might be threatened by collecting for local gardening.

Conservation Actions [top]

Conservation Actions: Tulipa hungarica is listed on Annex II of the Habitats Directive and under Appendix I of the Convention on the Conservation of European Wildlife and Natural Habitats (Bern Convention). The species is situated in the Iron Gate National Park in Romania and Serbia. The species is protected by law in Serbia and will be reintroduced with the help of experts from the Iron Gate National Park in Romania.

Citation: Stevanović, V. 2011. Tulipa hungarica. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2011: e.T162072A5528009. . Downloaded on 16 October 2018.
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