Limonium multiflorum 

Scope: Global
Language: English

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Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family
Plantae Tracheophyta Magnoliopsida Plumbaginales Plumbaginaceae

Scientific Name: Limonium multiflorum Erben

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Least Concern ver 3.1
Year Published: 2011
Date Assessed: 2011-04-06
Assessor(s): Caldas, F.B.
Reviewer(s): Alves, P. & Bilz, M.
Limonium multiflorum is endemic to Portugal's west coast. It is has an area of occupancy of 900 km². There is no information on population size or trend available. However, trampling by tourists in the holiday season is the main threat to this species and it is unlikely that this will lead to a severe population decline in the near future. It is therefore assessed as Least Concern.

Geographic Range [top]

Range Description:

This plant is endemic to Portugal where it occurs along the west coast between Cabo Mondego and Cascais (ICN 2006). Its area of occupancy is 900 km² (Commission of the European Communities 2009).

Countries occurrence:
Portugal (Portugal (mainland))
Additional data:
Estimated area of occupancy (AOO) - km2:900
Upper elevation limit (metres):50
Range Map:Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Population [top]


This species is not abundant, but there is no more information on the population size or trend (ICN 2006).

Current Population Trend:Unknown
Additional data:
Population severely fragmented:No

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Habitat and Ecology:This perennial plant grows in rocky coastal cliffs up to 50 m asl. It is characteristic of the association Limonietum multiflori virgatae, alliance Crithmo-Daucion halophili, class Crithmo-Staticetea (ICN 2006). This plant grows in the following Habitats Directive listed habitats (Commission of the European Communities 2009):
  • 1240 Vegetated sea cliffs of the Mediterranean coasts with endemic Limonium spp.
  • 1330 Atlantic salt meadows (Glauco-Puccinellietalia maritimae)
  • 5410 West Mediterranean clifftop phryganas (Astragalo-Plantaginetum subulatae)

Threats [top]

Major Threat(s): The main threat is trampling by tourists, especially in the holiday season (ICN 2006).

Conservation Actions [top]

Conservation Actions: Limonium multiflorum is listed on Annex II of the Habitats Directive. It is legally protected in Portugal. This plant requires further taxonomic research as well as the collection of information on population size and trend. The use of paths near this plant should be regulated to avoid trampling (ICN 2006).

Citation: Caldas, F.B. 2011. Limonium multiflorum. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2011: e.T162000A5526627. . Downloaded on 22 October 2017.
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