Primula carniolica


Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family

Scientific Name: Primula carniolica
Species Authority: Jacq.

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Least Concern ver 3.1
Year Published: 2013
Date Assessed: 2010-06-24
Assessor(s): Jogan, N.
Reviewer(s): Peraza Zurita, M.D. & Bilz, M.
Primula carniolica has a small extent of occurrence of around 5,000 km2 but the populations are stable and there are no major threats to the populations or its habitat. Many sites are under protection and monitoring is underway. It is therefore listed as Least Concern.

Geographic Range [top]

Range Description:

This plant is endemic to Slovenia. Euro+Med Plantbase (2006-2011) reports it as being native to Croatia too but in Flora Croatica (2010) no entry of this taxon was found.

Its extent of occurrence in Slovenia is around 5,000 km2 (Commission of the European Communities 2009).

Range Map: Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Population [top]

Population: This species has been recorded in 50 localities in Slovenia where populations seem to be stable (Commission of the European Communities 2009). In all known localities it is protected by the inaccessibility of the sites.
Population Trend: Stable

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Habitat and Ecology:

This perennial plant grows on wet vertical calcareous cliffs and is found mostly in gorges from 250 to 1,400 m above sea level.

Systems: Terrestrial

Threats [top]

Major Threat(s): Threats reported are forestry management and the removal of trees which causes exposure to sun, collection of the species, and recreational activities such as walking, mountaineering, or rock climbing (Commission of the European Communities 2009).

Conservation Actions [top]

Conservation Actions: Primula carniolica is listed on Annex II of the Habitats Directive. It is legally protected and is found in Natura 2000 sites. Monitoring of the populations is underway.

Citation: Jogan, N. 2013. Primula carniolica. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2015.2. <>. Downloaded on 31 August 2015.
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