Tulipa cypria 

Scope: Global, Europe & Mediterranean
Language: English

Translate page into:

Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family
Plantae Tracheophyta Liliopsida Liliales Liliaceae

Scientific Name: Tulipa cypria Stapf ex Turrill
Taxonomic Source(s): WCSP. 2015. World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. Available at:

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Endangered B2ab(iii) ver 3.1
Year Published: 2011
Date Assessed: 2010-07-13
Assessor(s): Bilz, M.
Reviewer(s): Peraza Zurita, M.D. & Cuttelod, A.
Tulipa cypria is endemic to Cyprus where it can be found at three locations with an area of occupancy of 44 km2. The population size has been reported to be more than 6,000 individuals with an unknown trend. It is threatened by overgrazing, overcollection, urbanisation, use of herbicides, and natural fires. The quality and extent of its habitat are declining and the species is therefore assessed as Endangered.

Geographic Range [top]

Range Description:

Tulipa cypria in endemic to Cyprus, where it can be found at three locations: the Akamas forest, in Kormakiti-Myrtou-Panagra and in Mammari, between 100 and 300 m altitude (Tsintides et al. 2007). Its area of occupancy is 44 kmĀ² (Commission of the European Communities 2009).

Countries occurrence:
Additional data:
Estimated area of occupancy (AOO) - km2:44
Number of Locations:3
Lower elevation limit (metres):100
Upper elevation limit (metres):300
Range Map:Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Population [top]

Population:The total population was estimated to be 2,000 individuals (Commission of the European Communities, 2009), but Tsintides et al. (2007) report it to be more than 6,000 individuals. The population trend is unknown.
Current Population Trend:Unknown
Additional data:
Number of mature individuals:2000-6000
Population severely fragmented:No

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Habitat and Ecology:Tulipa cypria is a bulbous perennial herb which occurs in cereal fields, pastures and open Juniperus phoenicea shrubland (Tsintides et al. 2007).

This plant grows in the Habitats Directive listed habitats 5210 "Arborescent matorral with Juniperus spp." and 5420 "Sarcopoterium spinosum phryganas" (Commission of the European Communities 2009).

Use and Trade [top]

Use and Trade: Collection has been described as a threat but the purpose is unknown.

Threats [top]

Major Threat(s): This species is threatened by overgrazing, overcollection, expansion of urban areas, poor regeneration and by the use of herbicides (Tsintides et al. 2007). Natural fires are also impacting this plant (Commission of the European Communities 2009).

Conservation Actions [top]

Conservation Actions: Tulipa cypria is listed on Annex II of the Habitats Directive and under Appendix I of the Convention on the Conservation of European Wildlife and Natural Habitats (Bern Convention). It is listed as Endangered B1ab(iii,v)+2ab(iii,v) on the national red list. One of the three locations where the species can be found is state forest land and a proposed Natura 2000 site (Tsintides et al. 2007).

Citation: Bilz, M. 2011. Tulipa cypria. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2011: e.T161927A5514790. . Downloaded on 21 September 2018.
Disclaimer: To make use of this information, please check the <Terms of Use>.
Feedback: If you see any errors or have any questions or suggestions on what is shown on this page, please provide us with feedback so that we can correct or extend the information provided