|Scope: Global, Europe & Mediterranean|
|Scientific Name:||Tulipa cypria Stapf ex Turrill|
|Taxonomic Source(s):||WCSP. 2015. World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. Available at: http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/.|
|Red List Category & Criteria:||Endangered B2ab(iii) ver 3.1|
|Reviewer(s):||Peraza Zurita, M.D. & Cuttelod, A.|
Tulipa cypria is endemic to Cyprus where it can be found at three locations with an area of occupancy of 44 km2. The population size has been reported to be more than 6,000 individuals with an unknown trend. It is threatened by overgrazing, overcollection, urbanisation, use of herbicides, and natural fires. The quality and extent of its habitat are declining and the species is therefore assessed as Endangered.
Tulipa cypria in endemic to Cyprus, where it can be found at three locations: the Akamas forest, in Kormakiti-Myrtou-Panagra and in Mammari, between 100 and 300 m altitude (Tsintides et al. 2007). Its area of occupancy is 44 km² (Commission of the European Communities 2009).
|Range Map:||Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.|
|Population:||The total population was estimated to be 2,000 individuals (Commission of the European Communities, 2009), but Tsintides et al. (2007) report it to be more than 6,000 individuals. The population trend is unknown.|
|Current Population Trend:||Unknown|
|Habitat and Ecology:||Tulipa cypria is a bulbous perennial herb which occurs in cereal fields, pastures and open Juniperus phoenicea shrubland (Tsintides et al. 2007). |
This plant grows in the Habitats Directive listed habitats 5210 "Arborescent matorral with Juniperus spp." and 5420 "Sarcopoterium spinosum phryganas" (Commission of the European Communities 2009).
|Use and Trade:||Collection has been described as a threat but the purpose is unknown.|
|Major Threat(s):||This species is threatened by overgrazing, overcollection, expansion of urban areas, poor regeneration and by the use of herbicides (Tsintides et al. 2007). Natural fires are also impacting this plant (Commission of the European Communities 2009).|
|Conservation Actions:||Tulipa cypria is listed on Annex II of the Habitats Directive and under Appendix I of the Convention on the Conservation of European Wildlife and Natural Habitats (Bern Convention). It is listed as Endangered B1ab(iii,v)+2ab(iii,v) on the national red list. One of the three locations where the species can be found is state forest land and a proposed Natura 2000 site (Tsintides et al. 2007).|
|Citation:||Bilz, M. 2011. Tulipa cypria. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2011: e.T161927A5514790.Downloaded on 21 September 2018.|
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