|Scientific Name:||Galium viridiflorum|
|Species Authority:||Boiss. & Reut.|
|Red List Category & Criteria:||Endangered B2b(iii)c(iv); C2b ver 3.1|
|Assessor(s):||Cabezudo, B., Pérez Latorre, A.V., Navas, D. & Casimiro-Soriguer Solanas, F.|
|Reviewer(s):||Blanca, G., Peraza Zurita, M.D. & Bilz, M.|
|Contributor(s):||Peraza Zurita, M.D.|
Galium viridiflorum is listed as Endangered because of its restricted distribution, with an area of occupancy of 41 km² and a total population of 2,143 individuals. Regressive trends have been identified for the extent and quality of its habitat and extreme fluctuations in the number of mature individuals due to drought events. Habitat degradation and alteration is the main factor affecting the conservation of this species.
This species is endemic to Spain, where it can be found in the provinces of Málaga and Granada (Cabezudo et al. 2011). It is distributed into four locations, comprising 20 subpopulations, with an area of occupancy of 41 km².
Native:Spain (Spain (mainland))
|Estimated area of occupancy (AOO) - km2:||41|
|Number of Locations:||4|
|Lower elevation limit (metres):||110|
|Upper elevation limit (metres):||1200|
|Range Map:||Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.|
|Population:||Total population size has been estimated in 2,143 individuals. Extreme fluctuations in the number of reproductive individuals have been observed, due to drought events.
|Current Population Trend:||Unknown|
|Habitat and Ecology:||This plant grows in hygrophile communities, of shrubs or forbs, close to streams and springs. Frequent associations the species grows along with are Molinio-Holoschoenion, Rubo-Nerion oleandri, Salicion pedicellatae and Juncion acutiflori.|
|Major Threat(s):||Main threats affecting this species deal with habitat degradation and alteration: fires, droughts, water course modifications and mining (Cabezudo et al. 2011). Grazing, and recreational activities such as walking or horseriding have been also reported as threats (Commission of the European Communities 2009).|
This species is listed as priority species on Annex II of the Habitat Directive and under Appendix I of the Convention on the Conservation of European Wildlife and Natural Habitats (Bern Convention). It is included as species "De interés especial" in the Spanish national catalogue of threatened species and as "Vulnerable" in the regional catalogue of threatened wild flora of Andalucía. It is listed as EN B2b(iii)c(iv); C2b in the Spanish Red Databook 2010 (Cabezudo et al. 2011).
Many subpopulations occur in protected areas: SCI Sierras Bermeja y Real, SCI Sierra de Alcaparain y Aguas, SCI Río Fuengirola, SCI Río de Castor), Parque Natural Sierra de las Nieves, Parque Natural Sierras de Tejeda, Almijara y Alhama, Paraje Natural los Reales de Sierra Bermeja.
|Citation:||Cabezudo, B., Pérez Latorre, A.V., Navas, D. & Casimiro-Soriguer Solanas, F. 2013. Galium viridiflorum. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2013: e.T161890A5509607. http://dx.doi.org/10.2305/IUCN.UK.2011-1.RLTS.T161890A5509607.en . Downloaded on 04 October 2015.|
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