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Crocus hartmannianus

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Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family
PLANTAE TRACHEOPHYTA LILIOPSIDA LILIALES IRIDACEAE

Scientific Name: Crocus hartmannianus
Species Authority: Holmboe

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Vulnerable D2 ver 3.1
Year Published: 2013
Date Assessed: 2011-04-07
Assessor(s): Bilz, M.
Reviewer(s): de Montmollin, B., Peraza Zurita, M.D. & Cuttelod, A.
Contributor(s): Peraza Zurita, M.D.
Justification:
Crocus hartmannianus is endemic species to Cyprus. Its geographical range is 82 km² (Commission of the European Communities 2009). And it is found at three to four locations with a population of more than 6,000 individuals. Quarrying activities and natural fires are the main threats to this species and it is therefore assessed as Vulnerable D2.

Geographic Range [top]

Range Description: Crocus hartmannianus is an endemic species to Cyprus. Its geographical range is 82 km² (Commission of the European Communities, 2009). The species occurs within the Machairas National Forest Park and at Pentadaktylos forest (Tsintides et al. 2007). The small colony recorded from a forest station in the Troodos National Forest Park in 1991, was verified in 2008 (Commission of the European Communities 2009).
Countries:
Native:
Cyprus
Range Map: Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Population [top]

Population: There are four confirmed locations, hosting a population of c. 6,000 individuals (Tsintides et al. 2007). The minimum viable population (MVP) of the species is 250-500 mature individuals per subpopulation. There is no information about long term population trends available (Commission of the European Communities 2009).
Population Trend: Unknown

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Habitat and Ecology: This perennial herb of up to 15 cm high that occurs on stony ground on igneous or limestone substrate under Pinus brutia forests in the Habitats Directive listed habitat type 9540: Mediterranean pine forests with endemic Mesogean pines (Commission of the European Communities 2009).

The habitat of the species is mainly small openings in large forested areas and although the forests are mapped the openings are not. It is a dynamic habitat and the determination of its trends require specific monitoring. Data on breeding system, seedling survivorship and seed duration are currently lacking (Commission of the European Communities 2009).
Systems: Terrestrial

Threats [top]

Major Threat(s): One of the subpopulations is threatened by quarrying activities. This threat is expected to continue affecting the species if the license of an adjacent currently non-operating quarry, is renewed (Tsintides et al. 2007). Natural fires have been also described as threats (Commission of the European Communities 2009).

Conservation Actions [top]

Conservation Actions: Crocus hartmannianus is listed on Annex II of the Habitats Directive and under Appendix I of the Convention on the Conservation of European Wildlife and Natural Habitats (Bern Convention). It is listed as Vulnerable D2 in the red list of Cyprus (Tsintides et al. 2007)

Machairas National Forest Park, where two locations are located, is a proposed Natura 2000 site. The third location is on a state forest selected for inclusion in this network (Tsintides et al. 2007).

Citation: Bilz, M. 2013. Crocus hartmannianus. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2014.2. <www.iucnredlist.org>. Downloaded on 24 October 2014.
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