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Papagomys armandvillei

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Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family
ANIMALIA CHORDATA MAMMALIA RODENTIA MURIDAE

Scientific Name: Papagomys armandvillei
Species Authority: Jentink, 1892
Common Name(s):
English Armandville’s Papagomys, Flores Giant Rat, Flores Giant Tree Rat
Taxonomic Notes: Recently, Papagomys theodorverhoeveni was reported to be still extant on Flores island on the basis of a single museum specimen consisting of a skull and mandibles, collected in 1974 at Ruteng, Manggarai, West Flores and was stored in the collections of the Museum Zoologicum Bogoriense (Suyanto and Watts 2002). However, based on comparison with extensive zooarchaeological material from Liang Bua, all evidence suggests that that record is not an example of P. theodorverhoeveni, but of P. armandvillei. Therefore, the identification of this specimen is refuted (Zijlstra et al. 2008).

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Near Threatened ver 3.1
Year Published: 2008
Date Assessed: 2008-06-30
Assessor(s): Aplin, K., Helgen, K., Musser, G., Lunde, D., Amori, G. & Ruedas, L.
Reviewer(s): Amori, G. (Small Nonvolant Mammal Red List Authority) & Schipper, J. (Global Mammal Assessment Team)
Justification:
Listed as Near Threatened because its extent of occurrence is less than 15,000 km2, and it is directly hunted for food (possibly resulting in substantial population declines), but the species is somewhat, adaptable, it does not appear to have a fragmented habitat, and is believed to persist in disturbed forest habitats. Almost qualifies as threatened under criterion B1.
History:
1996 Vulnerable

Geographic Range [top]

Range Description: This species is endemic to Flores island, Indonesia (Musser and Carleton 2005). It has been recorded between sea level and high elevations on Flores.
Countries:
Native:
Indonesia
Range Map: Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Population [top]

Population: The abundance is not known, but it may be a common species. Populations may be declining, but this needs to be confirmed. It is known by extant specimens as well as subfossil fragments 3000-4000 years old (Musser and Carleton 2005).
Population Trend: Decreasing

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Habitat and Ecology: It is believed to occur in a range of forest types, including disturbed areas and secondary growth, but is not expected to be present in heavily cleared areas.
Systems: Terrestrial

Threats [top]

Major Threat(s): The large species is directly hunted for food, but it is unclear if this is resulting in significant population declines. It is possibly not heavily impacted by habitat loss due to the rugged nature of Flores island. Cats and dogs are considered predators on this species (Suyanto 1998).

Conservation Actions [top]

Conservation Actions: It has been recorded from the Rutong Protection Forest. Further surveys are needed into the distribution, and persistance of this species to severe hunting pressure and habitat modification.

Citation: Aplin, K., Helgen, K., Musser, G., Lunde, D., Amori, G. & Ruedas, L. 2008. Papagomys armandvillei. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2014.3. <www.iucnredlist.org>. Downloaded on 21 December 2014.
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