|Scientific Name:||Mediterranea amaltheae (A. Riedel & Subai, 1982)|
|Taxonomic Source(s):||Bank, R.A. 2013. Fauna Europaea: Mollusca: Gastropoda. Available at: http://www.faunaeur.org.|
|Red List Category & Criteria:||Critically Endangered B2ab(iii) ver 3.1|
|Reviewer(s):||Dedov, I., Georgiev, D., Neubert, E. & Parmakelis, A.|
The species is endemic to the Island of Crete (Aegean Sea, Greece). It is known from a single locality (type locality), Dikteon Antron Cave (Dikti Mountain) (Riedel 1992). The cave where the species is known from is open to the public with very high numbers of visitors. The species has been found near the cave entrance and on the surface of the cave. Tourist pressure is posing a direct threat to the species, and the overall population can be driven to extinction easily. It is therefore assessed as Critically Endangered (CR B2ab(iii)). Further research is needed upon the distribution, population trend and size, ecology and threats to the species. It is particularly important to assess the population size of the species as soon as possible. Moreover, frequent habitat and population monitoring are strongly suggested. Also, specific conservation measures to the species are urgently required.
|Range Description:||This species is endemic to the island of Crete in the Aegean Sea, Greece, where it is known from a single locality (type locality), Dikteon Antron Cave (Dikti Mountain) (Riedel 1992).|
|Range Map:||Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.|
|Population:||The only known population is reported to be "not large" (Riedel 1992).|
|Current Population Trend:||Unknown|
|Habitat and Ecology:||This is a subterranean species (Riedel 1992). It is found near the cave entrance.|
|Continuing decline in area, extent and/or quality of habitat:||Yes|
|Use and Trade:||The species is not used or traded.|
The cave where the species is known from is open to the public, and it is visited by large numbers of tourists. Tourist pressure is posing a direct threat to the species, and thus its single population can be driven to extinction easily.
The species occurs in at least one protected area (Natura 2000 site). No conservation actions are implemented to this species, however they are urgently needed given its critical conservation status. Further research is needed upon the distribution, population trend and size, ecology and threats to the species. It is particularly important to assess the population size of the species as soon as possible. Moreover, frequent habitat and population monitoring are strongly suggested.
|Citation:||Triantis, K. 2017. Mediterranea amaltheae. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2017: e.T15771A85575680.Downloaded on 24 January 2018.|
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