Podarcis cretensis 


Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family
Animalia Chordata Reptilia Squamata Lacertidae

Scientific Name: Podarcis cretensis
Species Authority: (Wettstein, 1952)
Podarcis erhardii cretensis (Wettstein, 1952)
Taxonomic Notes: This species was formerly included within Podarcis erhardii.

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Endangered B1ab(iii) ver 3.1
Year Published: 2009
Date Assessed: 2008-12-14
Assessor(s): Petros Lymberakis
Reviewer(s): Cox, N. and Temple, H.J. (Global Reptile Assessment)
The species is restricted to the island of Crete (where it is found only in suitable habitat in the western part) and associated small islets. Its extent of occurrence is c.3,000 km2 and is severely fragmented. There are ongoing declines in extent and quality of habitat for this species, caused by urbanization and tourist development. Consequently this species qualifies as Endangered.

Geographic Range [top]

Range Description: The species is endemic to Crete and its satellite islands. On the island of Crete it is present only on the western part, mostly to the west of a north-south axis ‘cutting’ Crete at the town of Rethymno. In this area it is found from sea level to 2,000m asl. The satellite islets are: Elaphonisos, Artemis, Gaidouronisi (=Chryssi), Mikronisi (immediately east of Gaidouronisi), Kavalloi, Elasa, Paximada, Dragonada, Prassonisi (immediately north of Dragonada) Avgo, Dia, Karga, Ag. Nikolaos (in the gulf of Souda) and Ag. Theodoroi (=Thodorou)(Lymberakis et al. 2008). Its altitudinal range is from sea level to 2,000 m.
Countries occurrence:
Upper elevation limit (metres): 2000
Range Map: Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Population [top]

Population: The population size has not been quantified. It is common in suitable habitats but very patchily distributed.
Current Population Trend: Decreasing
Additional data:
Population severely fragmented: No

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Habitat and Ecology: It occupies shrubland, rocky areas, and dry river beds.
Systems: Terrestrial

Threats [top]

Major Threat(s): Habitat loss and degradation from urbanization and tourist development are the main threats.

Conservation Actions [top]

Conservation Actions: It occurs in a number of protected areas. It is protected under Appendix II of Bern and Annex IV of the EU Habitats Directive (as part of P. erhardii).

Citation: Petros Lymberakis. 2009. Podarcis cretensis. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2009: e.T157252A5060934. . Downloaded on 26 November 2015.
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