|Scientific Name:||Cepaea hortensis|
|Species Authority:||(O.F. Müller, 1774)|
|Red List Category & Criteria:||Least Concern ver 3.1|
|Reviewer(s):||Cuttelod, A. & Bilz, M.|
This species is relatively widespread and there is no threat known to this species. It is therefore considered to be Least Concern (LC).
|Range Description:||This species is widespread in Europe, and is locally abundant (Kerney, Cameron and Jungbluth 1983). In Ireland, it has a patchy distribution (Kerney 1999) and common only in some central and eastern counties (Byrne et al. 2009).|
Native:Andorra; Austria; Belgium; Bosnia and Herzegovina; Croatia; Czech Republic; Denmark; Estonia; Finland; France (France (mainland)); Germany; Hungary; Ireland; Latvia; Liechtenstein; Lithuania; Luxembourg; Netherlands; Norway; Poland; Russian Federation (Kaliningrad); Slovakia; Spain (Spain (mainland)); Sweden; Switzerland; Ukraine; United Kingdom (Great Britain, Northern Ireland)
|Range Map:||Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.|
The size and trend within the subpopulations are supposed to be stable.
|Habitat and Ecology:||The species has a general preference for temperate forest. Kerney (1999) suggests that C. hortensis prefers shadier and moister places than C. nemoralis in Britain. Such a distinction is not clear in Ireland although, unlike C. nemoralis, it does not favour coastal dunes. While C. hortensis has a Boreal-continental range more typical of xeric cold-adapted species, C. nemoralis has a markedly western range (Suboceanic Southern-temperate) and seems better adapted to equable, wet climates (Byrne et al. 2009).|
|Use and Trade:||
This species is not used.
There are no threats to this species known.
|Conservation Actions:||This species is listed in Ireland as Least Concern (Byrne et al. 2009).|
|Citation:||Neubert, E. 2013. Cepaea hortensis. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2014.3. <www.iucnredlist.org>. Downloaded on 31 January 2015.|
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