|Scientific Name:||Helicigona lapicida|
|Species Authority:||(Linnaeus, 1758)|
|Red List Category & Criteria:||Least Concern ver 3.1|
|Reviewer(s):||Cuttelod, A. & Bilz, M.|
This species is relatively widespread and there is no threat known to this species. It is therefore considered to be Least Concern (LC).
|Range Description:||This species is known from southern England, Andorra, Austria, Belgium, Czech Republic, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Liechtenstein, Luxembourg, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Russian Federation, Slovenia, northern Spain, southern Sweden, and Switzerland.
It is known in Ireland only from limestone bluffs in the gorge of the River Blackwater at Carrick-a-Brick Castle near Fermoy, East Cork. Its status as a native is questionable according to Kerney (1972), who failed to find living material during a visit to the site in 1971 (Byrne et al. 2009).
Native:Andorra; Austria; Belgium; Czech Republic; Denmark; Finland; France (France (mainland)); Germany; Italy (Italy (mainland)); Latvia; Liechtenstein; Luxembourg; Netherlands; Norway; Poland; Portugal (Portugal (mainland)); Russian Federation (Kaliningrad); Slovenia; Spain (Spain (mainland)); Sweden; Switzerland; United Kingdom (Great Britain)
|Upper elevation limit (metres):||1600|
|Range Map:||Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.|
|Population:||The size and trend within the subpopulations are supposed to be stable.
In Ireland, no live specimens have been found in recent times. H. lapidica appears to be declining in Ireland (Byrne et al. 2009).
|Current Population Trend:||Stable|
|Habitat and Ecology:||In Britain the lapidary snail is known mostly from limestone rocks and quarries. Elsewhere it is mainly in hedgerows and woods on well-drained, chalky soils (Byrne et al. 2009). On the continent, it is found in rock crevices, on stone walls, in mature forests, and hedges. It seems not to be bound to limestone rocks here.|
|Use and Trade:||This species is not used.|
|Major Threat(s):||Major threats to this species include habitat destruction like logging and quarrying.|
|Conservation Actions:||This species is listed as Regionally Extinct in Ireland (Byrne et al. 2009). There is no conservation action in place for this species elsewhere.|
|Citation:||Neubert, E. 2013. Helicigona lapicida. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2013: e.T156865A5009389. http://dx.doi.org/10.2305/IUCN.UK.2011-1.RLTS.T156865A5009389.en . Downloaded on 08 October 2015.|
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