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Monacha ruffoi 

Scope: Global & Europe
Language: English
Status_ne_offStatus_dd_offStatus_lc_offStatus_nt_offStatus_vu_onStatus_en_offStatus_cr_offStatus_ew_offStatus_ex_off

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Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family
Animalia Mollusca Gastropoda Stylommatophora Hygromiidae

Scientific Name: Monacha ruffoi Giusti, 1973
Taxonomic Notes: A. Hallgass (pers. com. 2011)has recently detected Helix pantanellii De Stefani, 1879 at its type locality Monte Fionchi (less than 20 km distant from the Monti Reatini) and found it similar to Monacha ruffoi in anatomical characters, but different in color and form of aperture. This opens the possibility that M. ruffoi might be a local summit form of M. pantanellii.

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Vulnerable B1ab(iii)+2ab(iii) ver 3.1
Year Published: 2011
Date Assessed: 2011-04-26
Assessor(s): Falkner, G., Falkner, M. & von Proschwitz, T.
Reviewer(s): Cuttelod, A. & Bilz, M.
Justification:
This species occurs in a restricted area (extent of occurrence of 70 km2 and area of occupancy of 28 km2),  in seven scattered sites.  The region is subject to heavy tourist exploitation., which leads to a decrease of the quality of the habitat. The species is therefore considered as Vulnerable (VU) B1ab(iii)+2ab(iii).

Geographic Range [top]

Range Description:The species is endemic to central Italy, where it occurs in a restricted sector of the western Reatini mountains, and is known from 7 sites in the higher mountain region.
Countries occurrence:
Native:
Italy (Italy (mainland))
Additional data:
Estimated area of occupancy (AOO) - km2:28
Number of Locations:7
Range Map:Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Population [top]

Population:There are no data available.
Current Population Trend:Unknown
Additional data:
Population severely fragmented:No

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Habitat and Ecology:This species occurs in clearings or pastures with shrubs, in beech woods of the montane and subalpine zone; in meadows with Trifolium repens and Plantago medica.
Systems:Terrestrial
Continuing decline in area, extent and/or quality of habitat:Yes

Use and Trade [top]

Use and Trade: This species is not used.

Threats [top]

Major Threat(s): The main threats tot his species are pasturing and alteration of biotopes by tourism and sport activities.

Conservation Actions [top]

Conservation Actions: There are no conservation actions in place. Suggested measures are habitat management and monitoring, and communications to tourists and recreational users of their impact on local biodiversity.

Citation: Falkner, G., Falkner, M. & von Proschwitz, T. 2011. Monacha ruffoi. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2011: e.T156783A4996960. . Downloaded on 26 September 2018.
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