|Scientific Name:||Otonycteris hemprichii|
|Species Authority:||Peters, 1859|
|Taxonomic Notes:||The specific name was previously on the Red List spelt with a single 'i'.|
|Red List Category & Criteria:||Least Concern ver 3.1|
|Assessor(s):||Benda, P., Aulagnier, S. & Hutson, A.M.|
|Reviewer(s):||Hutson, A.M., Racey, P.A. (Chiroptera Red List Authority) & Temple, H. (Global Mammal Assessment Team)|
This is a relatively common species in desert and sub-desert habitats of the SW Palaearctic. It has a presumed large population but the current trend is unknown, however, if it is in decline, it is unlikely to be at a rate which would qualify it for inclusion in the threatened categories. There are no major threats to the species, although it may be affected by pesticides in some parts of its range. Therefore it is listed as Least Concern.
|Range Description:||The species occurs in the southern desert and sub-desert belt of Western and Central Palaearctic from Morocco and Niger as far east as north-west India. It is possibly present in the whole of the desert area in the north of Africa where there is suitable habitat.
In the Mediterranean region it is recorded from Morocco, Algeria, Tunisia, Libya, Niger, northern Sudan and Egypt. In the Middle East it is found in Israel, Palestine, Jordan, Lebanon, Syria and a single locality from southeastern Turkey. It has an area of occupancy of >20,000 km2 and occupies an altitude of up to 2400 m (in Pakistan).
Native:Afghanistan; Algeria; Egypt; Iran, Islamic Republic of; Israel; Jordan; Kazakhstan; Libya; Morocco; Niger; Oman; Qatar; Saudi Arabia; Sudan; Syrian Arab Republic; Tajikistan; Tunisia; Turkey; Turkmenistan; United Arab Emirates; Uzbekistan
|Range Map:||Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.|
|Population:||Widespread but generally rare, with a scattered distribution. Mostly solitary animals, female colonies up to 18 individuals. Litter size usually 2. In Turkmenistan the species is considered least concern. Up to 2,400 m in Tadjikistan (K. Tsytsulina pers. comm.).|
|Habitat and Ecology:||Occurs in desert and semi-desert habitats of the Palaearctic region. Its habitats are xeric, sparsely vegetated and rocky. It seems well adapted to arid climates (Gharaibeh and Qumsiyeh 1995). Roosts in rock fissures or in human constructions (Gharaibeh and Qumsiyeh 1995). This is a ground-gleaning species.|
|Major Threat(s):||Although not a major threat this species is affected by pesticides.|
The species presumably occurs in some protected areas across its range. No other specific measures are known, although it will be protected under national legislation in some of the range states.
A study on the impacts of pesticides is required, especially ways in which the impact might be minimised.
|Citation:||Benda, P., Aulagnier, S. & Hutson, A.M. 2008. Otonycteris hemprichii. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2014.2. <www.iucnredlist.org>. Downloaded on 23 October 2014.|
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