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Anoura cultrata

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Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family
ANIMALIA CHORDATA MAMMALIA CHIROPTERA PHYLLOSTOMIDAE

Scientific Name: Anoura cultrata
Species Authority: Handley, 1960
Common Name(s):
English Handley's Tailless Bat
Taxonomic Notes: Could contain two species (L. Davalos pers. comm.). Includes brevirostrum and werckleae; see Nagorsen and Tamsitt (1981).

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Near Threatened ver 3.1
Year Published: 2008
Date Assessed: 2008-06-30
Assessor(s): Mantilla, H. & Molinari, J.
Reviewer(s): Medellín, R. (Chiroptera Red List Authority) & Schipper, J. (Global Mammal Assessment Team)
Justification:
Listed as Near Threatened because although its extent of occurrence is greater than 20,000 km², it is rare and sparsely distributed throughout is range. The ecosystem on which it is highly dependant is very fragile and the rate of destruction is high, thus making the species close to qualifying for Vulnerable. Almost qualifies as threatened under criterion B1.
History:
1996 Lower Risk/least concern (Baillie and Groombridge 1996)

Geographic Range [top]

Range Description: This species occurs in humid high montane cloud forest in Costa Rica, Panama, Venezuela, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, and Bolivia (Simmons, 2005).
Countries:
Native:
Bolivia, Plurinational States of; Colombia; Costa Rica; Ecuador; Panama; Peru; Venezuela, Bolivarian Republic of
Range Map: Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Population [top]

Population: The species is rare in Colombia, Peru and Bolivia. Locally common in Costa Rica and Panama.
Population Trend: Decreasing

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Habitat and Ecology: It is strongly associated with humid montane cloud forest (minimum 1,000 m throughout most of the Andes, but can occur lower where this habitat is present) (Mantilla pers. comm.). It feeds on nectar, pollen occasionally insects and fruit. It roosts in small groups in caves, commonly found with other species in the genus. It also roosts in tunnels or tree hollows.
Systems: Terrestrial

Threats [top]

Major Threat(s): There are no major threats throughout its range.

Conservation Actions [top]

Conservation Actions: Occurs in protected areas.

Citation: Mantilla, H. & Molinari, J. 2008. Anoura cultrata. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2014.2. <www.iucnredlist.org>. Downloaded on 30 August 2014.
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