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Acanthinula azorica

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Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family
ANIMALIA MOLLUSCA GASTROPODA STYLOMMATOPHORA VALLONIIDAE

Scientific Name: Acanthinula azorica
Species Authority: Pilsbry, 1926
Synonym/s:
Acanthinula aculeata (O.F. Müller, 1774)
Taxonomic Notes: Acanthinula azorica was cited for the Azores as the European A. aculeata (Müller 1774) (Backhuys 1975); Bank et al. (2002) consider it separate from the continental taxon.

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Least Concern ver 3.1
Year Published: 2011
Date Assessed: 2010-11-19
Assessor/s: Frias Martins, A.
Reviewer/s: Neubert, E., Cameron, R., Seddon, M.B., Cuttelod, A. & Nichols, C.
Justification:
This species is relatively uncommon. It  has adapted to secondary forests and is present on almost all islands in the Azores. There are no major threats thus it is considered as Least Concern (LC).

Geographic Range [top]

Range Description: This species is recorded from all the islands of the Azores, except Corvo.
Countries:
Native:
Portugal (Azores)
Range Map: Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Population [top]

Population: Although found throughout the Azores, it is an uncommon species, found primarily in forests, endemic and secondary. Backhuys (1975) attributes its rarity to the destruction of the mountain, endemic habitat, which the species seems to prefer over the secondary forest.
Population Trend: Unknown

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Habitat and Ecology: Acanthinula azorica lives in forested habitats, endemic and secondary, although preferentially on mountainous, endemic vegetation. It is found mainly under decaying leaves. On Pico island, for example, it was found from 150 m to over 1000 m ASL (Martins et al. 2006), and Backhuys (1975) collected it on Flores at about 50 m ASL.
Systems: Terrestrial

Threats [top]

Major Threat(s): This species is relatively uncommon; however, because it has adapted to secondary forests and is present on almost all islands, no threats are foreseen.

Conservation Actions [top]

Conservation Actions: No conservation actions are needed.
Citation: Frias Martins, A. 2011. Acanthinula azorica. In: IUCN 2013. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2013.2. <www.iucnredlist.org>. Downloaded on 20 April 2014.
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