|Scope: Global & Europe|
|Scientific Name:||Bythiospeum bormanni Stojaspal, 1978|
Paladilhiopsis tschapecki bormanni Stojaspal, 1978
|Taxonomic Notes:||This species has been formerly regarded as a subspecies of Bythiospeum tschapecki (Clessin, 1882) (Stojaspal 1978).
This species lies within one of the groups of spring-snails that is currently being researched using molecular systematics to determine the taxonomic status and the species limits are doubted by some researchers (Benke et al. 2009). A conservation assessment is made based on data from shell morphology, pending the results of the full analysis for the group.
|Red List Category & Criteria:||Endangered B2ab(iii,v) (Regional assessment) ver 3.1|
|Reviewer(s):||Vavrova, L., Fehér, Z., Soulsby, A.-M., Van Damme, D. & Cuttelod, A.|
Bythiospeum bormanni is endemic to Austria. This species only exists in two locations, one of which is exploited as a water source and therefore is under threat from habitat degradation. There has also been a recent population decline and is found on the Austrian Red List as Critically Endangered (CR). This species is under taxonomic and distribution review as part of a revision of the genus of Bythiospeum subterranean freshwater snails and therefore this assessment may alter in the future as a result. Currently, it has been assessed as Endangered (EN) B2ab(iii,v).
|Range Description:||Bythiospeum bormanni is endemic to the central Alps in Styria, Austria from the region of Graz. There are records from two caves, Bärenhöhle near Mixnitz and from floodwaters ejected from springs close to Ludwig-Hammer-Höhle (Blaubruchhöhle) in Annengraben (Einödgraben, NNE Graz) (Kreissl and Freitag 1989).|
|Range Map:||Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.|
|Population:||This species is considered 'rare' and recently a decline in population trends has been observed.|
|Current Population Trend:||Decreasing|
|Habitat and Ecology:||This freshwater species inhabits caves and springs, and is found in groundwater and within water in rock fissures.|
|Continuing decline in area, extent and/or quality of habitat:||Yes|
|Major Threat(s):||The main threats to the species are the abstraction of groundwater for drinking water and the subsequent lowering of the groundwater level. There is also pollution, mainly from fertilisers as a result of agricultural practices, that pose a threat to this species. Some localities are also under pressure from tourism activities.|
This species is currently protected by law in Lower Austria. It is found on the Austrian Red List as Critically Endangered (CR). It is not known whether it exists in a protected area and there are no species-specific recovery plans in place. Its habitat should be protected and it is suggested that monitoring of its habitat should be conducted, along with research into the species population trends.
|Citation:||Reischütz, P. 2010. Bythiospeum bormanni. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2010: e.T155867A4857868.Downloaded on 19 July 2018.|
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