Anodonta anatina


Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family

Scientific Name: Anodonta anatina
Species Authority: (Linnaeus, 1758)
Common Name/s:
English Duck Mussel

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Least Concern ver 3.1
Year Published: 2011
Date Assessed: 2011-07-22
Assessor/s: Van Damme, D.
Reviewer/s: Böhm, M. & Collen, B.
Anodonta anatina has been assessed as Least Concern as this species has been described as the most abundant mussel species within study sites in Germany, with 1,000 individuals found in one subpopulation. It has also been described as common in other studies (Hass 1969, Lewandowski 2006, Nagel et al. 2006, Zettler et al. 2006). No current major threats have been recorded, but despite this, there have been localised declines due to unspecified human influences.  Subpopulations of this species occur in protected areas and in Germany this species is protected under the BArtSchV scheme.

Geographic Range [top]

Range Description: This species occurs from northern Europe and Asia, below 65 degrees, down to Portugal, Sicily and Turkey. It can be found from Siberia to the east coast of Asia (Haas 1969).
Austria; Belgium; Bosnia and Herzegovina; Bulgaria; China; Croatia; Czech Republic; Denmark; Estonia; Finland; France (France (mainland)); Germany; Greece (Greece (mainland)); Hungary; Ireland; Italy; Latvia; Liechtenstein; Lithuania; Luxembourg; Netherlands; Norway; Poland; Portugal (Portugal (mainland)); Romania; Russian Federation (Amur, Irkutsk, Kamchatka, Northwest European Russia, Primoryi, West Siberia); Serbia (Serbia, Serbia); Slovakia; Slovenia; Spain (Spain (mainland)); Sweden; Switzerland; Turkey; Ukraine; United Kingdom (Great Britain, Northern Ireland)
Range Map: Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Population [top]

Population: This species has been described as the most abundant mussel species in study areas in Germany with more than 1,000 individuals seen, although there have been localised declines due to human influences (Zettler et al. 2006). It was also stated as the dominant species in three lakes in Poland (Lewandowski 2006). A population density of 4-5 individuals per m2 can be found in subsidence reservoirs in south Poland (Lewin and Smolinski 2006).
Population Trend: Unknown

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Habitat and Ecology: This is a generalist species which can be found inhabiting both flowing streams and standing waters. As a generalist, it is able to exist in both oligotrophic and eutrophic waters (Zettler et al. 2006). Ponds, flood plains, rivers, lakes and river basins all provide suitable habitat for this species (Mozley 1936) and it is also capable of living in artificial freshwater habitats such as reservoirs, flooded gravel pits and fishponds (Nagel et al. 2006). It lives in areas with sandy and gravel substrate (Bauer and Wächtler 2001).
Systems: Freshwater

Threats [top]

Major Threat(s): There are no known current major threats affecting this species although there have been some localised declines due to unspecified human influences (Zettler et al. 2006). It is possible that in the near future this species may experience competition from the invasive Anodonta woodiana (D.V. Damme pers. comm. 2011).

Conservation Actions [top]

Conservation Actions: This species is protected under the BArtSchV German scheme (Zettler et al. 2006) and is present in a protected area in Poland (Lewandowski 2006). There are no other known conservation measures for this species.
Citation: Van Damme, D. 2011. Anodonta anatina. In: IUCN 2013. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2013.2. <>. Downloaded on 19 April 2014.
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