|Scientific Name:||Mytilopsis leucophaeata|
|Species Authority:||Conrad, 1831|
Mytilus leucophaetus Conrad, 1831
|Red List Category & Criteria:||Least Concern ver 3.1|
|Reviewer/s:||Böhm, M. & Collen, B.|
|Contributor/s:||Dyer, E., Soulsby, A.-M., Whitton, F., McGuinness, S., De Silva, R., Milligan, H.T., Kasthala, G., Thorley, J., Herdson, R., McMillan, K. & Collins, A.|
Mytilopsis leucophaeta has been assessed as Least Concern as it has a wide, abundant distribution and has demonstrated attributes that make it a successful coloniser. It has a stable population and no major threats are affecting its global population.
|Range Description:||This species is native to the USA, from Chesapeake Bay southward through the Gulf of Mexico (NatureServe 2009).
It has spread from its native range to other parts of the USA via ship ballast water - invading the Hudson River, New York in the 1930s, the Upper Mississippi River in the 1980s, and southern New England in the 1990s (Therriault et al. 2004). This species is thought to have spread to Europe as early as 1835, and is now found along the North Sea coasts from Germany to France, including the Thames Estuary in England. It was recently identified for the first time from the Dniester Liman, Black Sea basin (Therriault et al. 2004).
Native:United States (Alabama, Connecticut, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Maryland, Massachusetts, Mississippi, New York, North Carolina, Rhode Island, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia)
Introduced:France (France (mainland)); Germany; United Kingdom (Great Britain)
|Range Map:||Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.|
|Population:||This species is locally abundant throughout its native distribution (NatureServe 2009), and occasionally reaches densities of 15,000 to 28,000 individuals per m2 in introduced parts of its range (Verween et al. 2009).|
|Habitat and Ecology:||This species is highly adaptible has broad ecological tolerances, inhabiting freshwater through to oligohaline habitats. It has spread from its native range via ship ballast water and through canals (Therriault et al. 2004). It can also be found in coastal and estuarine habitats, riparian zones and wetlands, even occurring in cooling water conduits of power stations (Global Invasive Species Database 2005).|
|Major Threat(s):||This species is unlikely to be impacted by any major threats, although because of its bio-fouling abilities (causing huge economic damage to industry) it is targeted by biocides and other control measures (Global Invasive Species Database 2005).|
|Conservation Actions:||This species has a NatureServe Global Heritage Status of G5 - Secure (NatureServe 2009), and no species-specific conservation measures are in place, or needed.|
|Citation:||Cummings, K. 2011. Mytilopsis leucophaeata. In: IUCN 2013. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2013.2. <www.iucnredlist.org>. Downloaded on 08 March 2014.|
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