Zeus capensis 

Scope: Global
Language: English

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Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family
Animalia Chordata Actinopterygii Zeiformes Zeidae

Scientific Name: Zeus capensis Valenciennes, 1835
Common Name(s):
English Cape Dory, Cape John Dory, Dory
French Saint Pierre du Cap
Spanish San Pedro del Cabo

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Least Concern ver 3.1
Year Published: 2010
Date Assessed: 2009-02-04
Assessor(s): Auster, P., Chao, N.L., McEachran, J. & Williams, J.
Reviewer(s): Collen, B., Richman, N., Beresford, A., Chenery, A. & Ram, M.
Contributor(s): De Silva, R., Milligan, H., Lutz, M., Batchelor, A., Jopling, B., Kemp, K., Lewis, S., Lintott, P., Sears, J., Wilson, P. & Smith, J. and Livingston, F.
Zeus capensis has been assessed as Least Concern. It has a widespread geographic and depth distribution and has been reported as common around Namibia and South Africa. This species is commercially harvested as a food source and is also taken as by-catch by the hake fisheries. Although no species-specific catch statistics are available, fishing pressure is not thought to represent a major threat to this species at present.

Geographic Range [top]

Range Description:Zeus capensis is distributed from Namibia, around the Cape to Mozambique.
Countries occurrence:
Mozambique; Namibia; South Africa
FAO Marine Fishing Areas:
Atlantic – southeast; Indian Ocean – western
Additional data:
Lower depth limit (metres):400
Upper depth limit (metres):35
Range Map:Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Population [top]

Population:Bianchi et al. (1999) noted that Zeus capensis was among the dominant fish species on the central shelf along Namibia, an area at the northern most limit of this species' range. It is also common off the coast of South Africa (P. Heemstra pers. comm. 2009).
Current Population Trend:Stable
Additional data:
Population severely fragmented:No

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Habitat and Ecology:The dory, Zeus capensis, is a demersal species found at a depth range of 35-400 m on the continental shelf and slope. It has been found in midwater and close to the seafloor. The diet of this species consists of fish, cephalopods and crustaceans.

Use and Trade [top]

Use and Trade: Zeus capensis is an food fish (Rheeder and Sauer 1998), marketed both fresh and frozen.

Threats [top]

Major Threat(s): Zeus capensis is an excellent food fish, caught by demersal trawling, and is often taken as by-catch in hake fisheries (Rheeder and Sauer 1998). It is marketed both fresh and frozen. However, this is not thought to represent a major threat to this species at present.

Conservation Actions [top]

Conservation Actions: There are no species-specific conservation measures in place for Zeus capensis. However, the distribution of this species may coincide with several designated marine protected areas.

Errata [top]

Errata reason: This errata assessment has been created because the map was accidentally left out of the version published previously.

Citation: Auster, P., Chao, N.L., McEachran, J. & Williams, J. 2010. Zeus capensis (errata version published in 2017). The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2010: e.T154956A115256082. . Downloaded on 15 October 2018.
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