|Scientific Name:||Apodocreedia vanderhorsti|
|Species Authority:||de Beaufort, 1948|
|Red List Category & Criteria:||Data Deficient ver 3.1|
|Assessor(s):||Nelson, J., Matsuura, K., Collette, B., Dooley, J., Fritzsche, R., Carpenter, K. & Starnes, W.C.|
|Reviewer(s):||Collen, B., Richman, N., Beresford, A., Chenery, A. & Ram, M.|
|Contributor(s):||De Silva, R., Milligan, H., Lutz, M., Batchelor, A., Jopling, B., Kemp, K., Lewis, S., Lintott, P., Sears, J., Wilson, P., Smith, J. & Livingston, F.|
Apodocreedia vanderhorsti occurs in a continuous sandy habitat from Durban to Maputo with threats to its habitat by coastal development. It may also be taken as by-catch in the shrimp fishery. The literature suggests that there has been a significant decline in the population of this species. Further research and monitoring of the population trends and threats of this species is needed to determine at what rate it is declining.
|Range Description:||Apodocreedia vanderhorsti occurs between Durban, South Africa and Maputo Bay, Mozambique. The area in which this species is distributed is approximately 822 km2.|
Native:Mozambique; South Africa
|FAO Marine Fishing Areas:||
Atlantic – southeast; Indian Ocean – western
|Lower depth limit (metres):||16|
|Range Map:||Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.|
|Population:||In a description of the sand flats at Inhaca Island, Mozambique in 1962, it was noted that Apodocreedia vanderhorsti was one of the many frequently netted fishes in directed surveys (Macnae and Kalk 1962). Common along sandy beaches (Nelson 1986). Nowadays it is rarely observed in life but can be collected in considerable numbers by ichthyocides.|
|Current Population Trend:||Decreasing|
|Habitat and Ecology:||Apodocreedia vanderhorsti is a sand-burrowing intertidal species found to a maximum depth of 16 m.|
|Use and Trade:||Apodocreedia vanderhorsti might be harvested as by-catch by the shrimp trawling fisheries.|
|Major Threat(s):||Apodocreedia vanderhorsti may be taken as by-catch in shrimp fisheries although it has not yet been documented (Sousa et al. 2005). Considering the shallow water, inshore nature of this species, it is likely to be impacted by coastal development and pollution.|
There are no species-specific conservation measures in place for Apodocreedia vanderhorsti. However, the distribution of this species may coincide with a number of marine protected areas including the Maputaland Marine Protected Area.
Further research and monitoring of the abundance and threats of this species is needed.
|Citation:||Nelson, J., Matsuura, K., Collette, B., Dooley, J., Fritzsche, R., Carpenter, K. & Starnes, W.C. 2010. Apodocreedia vanderhorsti. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2010: e.T154877A4657502. http://dx.doi.org/10.2305/IUCN.UK.2010-4.RLTS.T154877A4657502.en . Downloaded on 07 October 2015.|
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