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Xyrichtys martinicensis

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Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family
ANIMALIA CHORDATA ACTINOPTERYGII PERCIFORMES LABRIDAE

Scientific Name: Xyrichtys martinicensis
Species Authority: Valenciennes, 1840
Common Name/s:
English Rosy Razorfish, Straighttail Razorfish, Straight-tail Razorfish
Spanish Cuchillo Llorón, Doncella Llorona, Lorito de Arena
Synonym/s:
Hemipteronotus martinicensis Valenciennes, 1840
Hemipteronotus modestus Poey, 1867
Xyrichthys infirmus Bean, 1891
Xyrichthys lineatus Valenciennes, 1840
Xyrichthys martinicensis Valenciennes, 1840
Xyrichthys modestus Poey, 1867
Xyrichthys niveilatus Jordan & Evermann, 1903
Xyrichthys venustus Poey, 1876

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Least Concern ver 3.1
Year Published: 2010
Date Assessed: 2009-02-04
Assessor/s: Sadovy, Y.J. & Luiz Rocha.
Reviewer/s: Collen, B., Richman, N., Beresford, A., Chenery, A. & Ram, M.
Contributor/s: De Silva, R., Milligan, H., Lutz, M., Batchelor, A., Jopling, B., Kemp, K., Lewis, S., Lintott, P., Sears, J., Wilson, P., Smith, J. & Livingston, F.
Justification:
Xyrichtys martinicensis has been assessed as Least Concern. This species is widely distributed in the Caribbean and Brazil. It is common throughout its range, and can be locally abundant. There are no known major threats.

Geographic Range [top]

Range Description: Xyrichtys martinicensis is distributed from southern Florida and the Bahamas to northern South America, including the eastern and southern Gulf of Mexico and the Antilles.
Countries:
Native:
Anguilla; Antigua and Barbuda; Bahamas; Barbados; Belize; Bermuda; Brazil; Colombia; Costa Rica; Cuba; Dominica; Dominican Republic; Guatemala; Guyana; Honduras; Jamaica; Martinique; Mexico; Netherlands Antilles; Nicaragua; Panama; Puerto Rico; Saint Kitts and Nevis; Saint Lucia; Saint Vincent and the Grenadines; Suriname; United States; Venezuela, Bolivarian Republic of; Virgin Islands, British; Virgin Islands, U.S.
FAO Marine Fishing Areas:
Native:
Atlantic – western central
Range Map: Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Population [top]

Population: Xyrichtys martinicensis is common throughout its range. It can be abundant over sand bottoms adjacent to reefs.
Population Trend: Unknown

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Habitat and Ecology: Xyrichtys martinicensis inhabits sand and rubble bottoms adjacent to reefs and seagrass to depths of 21 m. Species of Xyrichtys are called razorfish in allusion to their compressed bodies and the sharp leading edge of their forehead and snout, specialisations for quick entry into sand (Randall 2007). It feeds on small sand-dwelling invertebrates.
Systems: Marine

Threats [top]

Major Threat(s): There are no known major threats to Xyrichtys martinicensis.

Conservation Actions [top]

Conservation Actions: There are no species-specific conservation measures in place. This species is present in marine protected areas throughout the Caribbean, Brazil and USA.
Citation: Sadovy, Y.J. & Luiz Rocha. 2010. Xyrichtys martinicensis. In: IUCN 2013. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2013.2. <www.iucnredlist.org>. Downloaded on 20 April 2014.
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