Xyrichtys martinicensis 

Scope: Global
Language: English

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Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family
Animalia Chordata Actinopterygii Perciformes Labridae

Scientific Name: Xyrichtys martinicensis Valenciennes, 1840
Regional Assessments:
Common Name(s):
English Rosy Razorfish, Straight-tail Razorfish, Straighttail Razorfish
Spanish Cuchillo Llorón, Doncella Llorona, Lorito de Arena
Hemipteronotus martinicensis Valenciennes, 1840
Hemipteronotus modestus Poey, 1867
Xyrichthys infirmus Bean, 1891
Xyrichthys lineatus Valenciennes, 1840
Xyrichthys martinicensis Valenciennes, 1840
Xyrichthys modestus Poey, 1867
Xyrichthys niveilatus Jordan & Evermann, 1903
Xyrichthys venustus Poey, 1876

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Least Concern ver 3.1
Year Published: 2010
Date Assessed: 2009-02-04
Assessor(s): Sadovy, Y.J. & Luiz Rocha.
Reviewer(s): Collen, B., Richman, N., Beresford, A., Chenery, A. & Ram, M.
Contributor(s): De Silva, R., Milligan, H., Lutz, M., Batchelor, A., Jopling, B., Kemp, K., Lewis, S., Lintott, P., Sears, J., Wilson, P., Smith, J. & Livingston, F.
Xyrichtys martinicensis has been assessed as Least Concern. This species is widely distributed in the Caribbean and Brazil. It is common throughout its range, and can be locally abundant. There are no known major threats.

Geographic Range [top]

Range Description:Xyrichtys martinicensis is distributed from southern Florida and the Bahamas to northern South America, including the eastern and southern Gulf of Mexico and the Antilles.
Countries occurrence:
Anguilla; Antigua and Barbuda; Bahamas; Barbados; Belize; Bermuda; Bonaire, Sint Eustatius and Saba; Brazil; Colombia; Costa Rica; Cuba; Curaçao; Dominica; Dominican Republic; Guatemala; Guyana; Honduras; Jamaica; Martinique; Mexico; Nicaragua; Panama; Puerto Rico; Saint Kitts and Nevis; Saint Lucia; Saint Martin (French part); Saint Vincent and the Grenadines; Sint Maarten (Dutch part); Suriname; United States; Venezuela, Bolivarian Republic of; Virgin Islands, British; Virgin Islands, U.S.
FAO Marine Fishing Areas:
Atlantic – western central
Additional data:
Lower depth limit (metres):21
Upper depth limit (metres):2
Range Map:Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Population [top]

Population:Xyrichtys martinicensis is common throughout its range. It can be abundant over sand bottoms adjacent to reefs.
Current Population Trend:Unknown
Additional data:
Population severely fragmented:Unknown

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Habitat and Ecology:Xyrichtys martinicensis inhabits sand and rubble bottoms adjacent to reefs and seagrass to depths of 21 m. Species of Xyrichtys are called razorfish in allusion to their compressed bodies and the sharp leading edge of their forehead and snout, specialisations for quick entry into sand (Randall 2007). It feeds on small sand-dwelling invertebrates.

Threats [top]

Major Threat(s): There are no known major threats to Xyrichtys martinicensis.

Conservation Actions [top]

Conservation Actions: There are no species-specific conservation measures in place. This species is present in marine protected areas throughout the Caribbean, Brazil and USA.

Citation: Sadovy, Y.J. & Luiz Rocha. 2010. Xyrichtys martinicensis. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2010: e.T154697A4609111. . Downloaded on 19 October 2017.
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