|Scientific Name:||Orcula austriaca|
|Species Authority:||Zimmermann, 1932|
Orcula spoliata S. Zimmermann, 1932 subspecies austriaca S. Zimmermann, 1932
|Taxonomic Notes:||This is a polytypic species with taxonomic problems associated with the subspecies. The currently accepted subspecies are: Orcula austriaca austriaca, O. austriaca faueri Klemm, 1967, O. austriaca goelleri Gittenberger, 1978 and O. austriaca pseudofuchsi Klemm, 1967.|
|Red List Category & Criteria:||Least Concern ver 3.1|
|Assessor(s):||Falkner, G. & von Proschwitz, T.|
|Reviewer(s):||Neubert, E., Ward, J. & Nichols, C.|
This species is endemic to Austria. It has a relatively large distribution and the main threat is not thought to impact all the sub-populations. It is therefore assessed as Least Concern (LC). However, some subspecies have extremely restricted distributions and all subspecies, except Orcula austriaca austriaca, are considered threatened and are red-listed in Austria.
|Range Description:||The species is endemic to Austria, with some subspecies having extremely restricted distributions. For example O. austriaca pseudofuchsi is known only from one locality (less than 10 km²), O. austriaca goelleri from five localities (less than 10 km²) and O. austriaca faueri from two localities (less than 10 km²).|
|Range Map:||Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.|
|Population:||The population of this species is currently unknown, and there is no data available on population trends.|
|Habitat and Ecology:||The species has a preference for grassy, calcareous rock ledges.|
|Use and Trade:||This species is not utilized.|
|Major Threat(s):||Threats have been identified as habitat destruction through the afforestation of spruce (Picea) trees.|
All the subspecies, except Orcula austriaca austriaca, are red-listed in Austria (Reischütz and Reischütz 2007).
No conservation actions are required for this species as a whole under this assessment. Research to resolve the taxonomic confusions surrounding the subspecies is recommended.
|Citation:||Falkner, G. & von Proschwitz, T. 2013. Orcula austriaca. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2014.2. <www.iucnredlist.org>. Downloaded on 29 July 2014.|
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