Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family
Plantae Tracheophyta Magnoliopsida Caryophyllales Cactaceae

Scientific Name: Disocactus speciosus
Species Authority: (Cav.) Barthlott
Cactus speciosus Cav.
Taxonomic Source(s): Hunt, D., Taylor, N. and Charles, G. (compilers and editors). 2006. The New Cactus Lexicon. dh Books, Milborne Port, UK.
Taxonomic Notes: Four subspecies are recognized, the nominate and subsp. aurantiacus (Kimnach) Bauer, subsp. blomianus (Kimnach) Bauer and cinnabarinus (Eichlam ex Weing.) Bauer.

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Least Concern ver 3.1
Year Published: 2013
Date Assessed: 2009-05-01
Assessor(s): Arreola, H., Ishiki, M. & Terrazas, T.
Reviewer(s): Superina, M. & Goettsch, B.K.
Facilitator/Compiler(s): Goettsch, B.K.
Disocactus speciosus has a very wide range, is abundant, and although there are threats in places, these are not sufficient to warrant any concern. Hence, it is listed as Least Concern.

Geographic Range [top]

Range Description: The species is distributed in Guatemala, Honduras, Mexico, Nicaragua, and El Salvador (Hunt et al. 2006), at elvations of 1,600 to 2,700 m asl.
In Mexico the species occurs in the States of Chiapas, Colima, México D.F., Durango, México State, Guerrero, Jalisco, Michoacán, Morelos, Nayarit, Oaxaca, and Sinaloa (Hernández and Godínez 1994).
Countries occurrence:
El Salvador; Guatemala; Honduras; Mexico (Chiapas, Colima, Durango, Guerrero, Jalisco, México Distrito Federal, México State, Michoacán, Morelos, Nayarit, Oaxaca, Sinaloa); Nicaragua
Lower elevation limit (metres): 1600
Upper elevation limit (metres): 2700
Range Map: Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Population [top]

Population: The species is abundant and the populations tend to be large (M. Véliz pers. comm. 2009).
Current Population Trend: Stable
Additional data:
Continuing decline of mature individuals: No
Population severely fragmented: No

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Habitat and Ecology: This cactus grows in moist montane forest and Quercus and Pinus forest.
Systems: Terrestrial

Use and Trade [top]

Use and Trade: This cactus is not known to be used.

Threats [top]

Major Threat(s): The main threat is deforestation, especially logging of the trees on which the species grows.

Conservation Actions [top]

Conservation Actions: This species occurs in many protected areas across its range, e.g. Manantlán (Jalisco) and Ocote (Chiapas) reserves in Mexico.

Citation: Arreola, H., Ishiki, M. & Terrazas, T. 2013. Disocactus speciosus. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2013: e.T151970A582327. . Downloaded on 04 October 2015.
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