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Melocactus salvadorensis 

Scope: Global
Language: English
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Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family
Plantae Tracheophyta Magnoliopsida Caryophyllales Cactaceae

Scientific Name: Melocactus salvadorensis Werderm.
Taxonomic Source(s): Hunt, D., Taylor, N. and Charles, G. (compilers and editors). 2006. The New Cactus Lexicon. dh Books, Milborne Port, UK.

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Vulnerable A4c ver 3.1
Year Published: 2017
Date Assessed: 2010-08-08
Assessor(s): Braun, P., Machado, M., Taylor, N.P. & Zappi, D.
Reviewer(s): Goettsch, B.K. & Chanson, J.S.
Facilitator/Compiler(s): Goettsch, B.K.
Justification:
The species has a relatively wide range, however the populations are decreasing steadily, and this is inferred based on observations made over the last 30 years. A decrease in 30% of the population is inferred, there are several threats throughout the species range and it is not within any protected areas, hence it is listed as Vulnerable.
Previously published Red List assessments:

Geographic Range [top]

Range Description:This species is endemic to Brazil, occurring in Bahia and Minas Gerais. It grows at elevations from 300 to 1,040 m asl (Taylor and Zappi 2004).
Countries occurrence:
Native:
Brazil (Bahia, Minas Gerais)
Additional data:
Lower elevation limit (metres):300
Upper elevation limit (metres):1040
Range Map:Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Population [top]

Population:The species is widespread and the individuals are scattered; it used to be more abundant. The generation length is ca 10 years. It is estimated that at least 30% of the population has been lost.
Current Population Trend:Decreasing
Additional data:
Population severely fragmented:Yes

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Habitat and Ecology:The species is usually found on or adjacent to exposed gneiss/granitic rocks/inselbergs and in stony soil of the caatinga (Taylor and Zappi 2004).
Systems:Terrestrial
Continuing decline in area, extent and/or quality of habitat:Yes
Generation Length (years):10

Use and Trade [top]

Use and Trade: The species is locally collected for candy, medicine, ornamental use, and it is popularly believed that the plant has powers to keep away spirits.

Threats [top]

Major Threat(s): The major threats are habitat loss due to agriculture, cattle ranching, gathering of fuel wood, urbanization and collection of plants for ornamental use.

Conservation Actions [top]

Conservation Actions: The species does not occur in any protected areas.

Amended [top]

Amended reason: The species distribution map has been added.

Citation: Braun, P., Machado, M., Taylor, N.P. & Zappi, D. 2017. Melocactus salvadorensis (amended version of 2013 assessment). The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2017: e.T151757A121507159. . Downloaded on 22 September 2018.
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