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Nyctimene cephalotes

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Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family
ANIMALIA CHORDATA MAMMALIA CHIROPTERA PTEROPODIDAE

Scientific Name: Nyctimene cephalotes
Species Authority: (Pallas, 1767)
Common Name/s:
English Pallas's Tube-nosed Bat, Pallas's Tube-nosed Fruit Bat
Taxonomic Notes: A record from Numfoor Island, Indonesia, represents a separate, undescribed Geelvinck Bay bat taxon (K. Helgen pers. comm.).

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Least Concern ver 3.1
Year Published: 2008
Date Assessed: 2008-06-30
Assessor/s: Bonaccorso, F. & Leary, T.
Reviewer/s: Lamoreux, J. (Global Mammal Assessment Team), Racey, P.A., Medellín, R. & Hutson, A.M. (Chiroptera Red List Authority)
Justification:
Although there is some lack of clarity about the full range of this species, it is listed as Least Concern in view of its wide distribution, presumed large population, and because it is unlikely to be declining at nearly the rate required to qualify for listing in a threatened category.

Geographic Range [top]

Range Description: This species has been recorded from the islands of Sulawesi, Seram, Mangole, Sanana, Buru, Ambon, and Tanimbar (all Indonesia), and from the island of Timor (East Timor and Indonesia) though it may no longer be present here (K. Helgen pers. comm.). Records from Moa Island, Queensland, Australia probably refer to Nyctimene robinsoni. Mainland New Guinea records are possibly misidentifications of N. robinsoni, and are marked on the map as possible range of N. robinsoni. A record from Numfoor Island, Indonesia, represents a separate, undescribed Geelvinck Bay bat taxon (K. Helgen pers. comm.). This species ranges from sea level to at least 1,800 m asl.
Countries:
Native:
Indonesia
Range Map: Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Population [top]

Population: It is common in less disturbed environments.
Population Trend: Unknown

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Habitat and Ecology: This species is fairly reliant on good primary tropical moist forest. It roosts singly, in trees (where it appears like a leaf when roosting). It is primarily frugivorous, but may also take insects. Of the four females collected on Sanana in mid-November by Flannery (1995), two were found to be pregnant.
Systems: Terrestrial

Threats [top]

Major Threat(s): Deforestation is a serious threat, and indeed the species may be extirpated from Timor due to near complete loss of primary moist forest (K. Helgen pers. comm.). This species also is hunted for food in parts of its range, and is occasionally found for sale in markets.

Conservation Actions [top]

Conservation Actions: It is present in some protected areas (e.g., Loralindu, Gamoga-bone). Records from Moa Island, Queensland, Australia and New Guinea need further identification and/or taxonomic work and are currently treated as N. robinsoni.
Citation: Bonaccorso, F. & Leary, T. 2008. Nyctimene cephalotes. In: IUCN 2013. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2013.2. <www.iucnredlist.org>. Downloaded on 20 April 2014.
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