|Scientific Name:||Chorthippus lacustris La Greca & Messina, 1975|
|Taxonomic Source(s):||Eades, D.C., Otte, D., Cigliano, M.M. and Braun, H. 2016. Orthoptera Species File. Version 5.0/5.0. Available at: http://Orthoptera.SpeciesFile.org.|
|Red List Category & Criteria:||Critically Endangered B2ab(i,ii,iii,iv,v) ver 3.1|
|Assessor(s):||Willemse, L.P.M., Kati, V., Hochkirch, A., Papapavlou, K., Tzirkalli, E. & Heller, K.-G.|
|Reviewer(s):||Bushell, M., Cálix, M. & Nieto, A.|
The Epirus Grasshopper (Chorthippus lacustris) is endemic to Epirus (northern Greece), where only five subpopulations remain. This species is assessed as Critically Endangered since it has a very restricted geographic range (area of occupancy (AOO) is 4 km²), the population is severely fragmented, and there is a continuing decline in the extent of occurrence (EOO), AOO, extent and quality of habitat, number of subpopulations, and population size due to wetland drainage, agricultural conversion and urbanization. Further research is needed into the population size and trend, although it is inferred to be declining as a ersult of habitat loss. This species is dependent on wet grasslands and restoration of this habitat is needed. In addition, protecting the habitat from further urbanization and drainage, and monitoring the population of this species are the main conservation measures proposed.
The Epirus Grasshopper is endemic to Greece, where it is confined to Epiros, in the northwestern part of the Greek mainland. This species has been reported from five localities (Willemse 1984, Willemse and Willemse 2008, Kati et al. 2012) and is only found in wetland areas in Epiros, in particular around the Pamvotida Lake basin (Ioannina), Lake Paramythia, and Lake Morfo (Parga). This grasshopper's extent of occurrence (EOO) is 1,016 km² and its area of occupancy (AOO) covers a total of 0.10–0.15 km².
Native:Greece (Greece (mainland))
|Range Map:||Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.|
This species has an extremely restricted distribution, and the subpopulations are isolated with no or little genetic exchange between them; the population is therefore considered to be severely fragmented. The population trend is declining (Kati et al. 2006).
|Current Population Trend:||Decreasing|
|Habitat and Ecology:|
This species is strongly dependent on wet grasslands that are flooded on a seasonal basis. The greatest population density is recorded in the site with the greatest diversity of dominant plant species. This grasshopper is estimated to have lost 85–99% of its habitat during the last 50 years due to wetland drainage.
|Continuing decline in area, extent and/or quality of habitat:||Yes|
|Use and Trade:||The species is not utilized.|
This species is estimated to have lost 85–99% of its habitat during the last 50 years due to wetland drainage. The main current threat is further habitat loss by urbanization around Pamvotida Lake and by land conversion to agriculture in Paramythia Lake, even though both sites belong to the Natura 2000 network of protected areas.
No specific conservation measures are in place for this species, but at least the sites at Pamvotida Lake and in Paramythia Lake belong to the Natura 2000 network of protected areas. This has in no way prevented habitat degradation due to drainage, agricultural conversions and urbanization. Further research is needed into the population size and trend. Restoring wet grasslands, protecting them from further urbanization and drainage, and monitoring the population of this species are the main conservation measures proposed.
|Citation:||Willemse, L.P.M., Kati, V., Hochkirch, A., Papapavlou, K., Tzirkalli, E. & Heller, K.-G. 2016. Chorthippus lacustris. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2016: e.T14870997A70432562.Downloaded on 12 December 2017.|
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