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Neurergus strauchii

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Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family
ANIMALIA CHORDATA AMPHIBIA CAUDATA SALAMANDRIDAE

Scientific Name: Neurergus strauchii
Species Authority: (Steindachner, 1887)

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Vulnerable B1ab(iii) ver 3.1
Year Published: 2009
Date Assessed: 2008-12-14
Assessor(s): Theodore Papenfuss, Max Sparreboom, Varol Tok, Ismail H. Ugurtas, Murat Sevinç, Sergius Kuzmin, Steven Anderson, Güven Eken, Tuba Kiliç, Engin Gem
Reviewer(s): Neil Cox and Helen Temple
Justification:
This species is listed as Vulnerable because its Area of Occupancy is less than 2,000 km2, its distribution is severely fragmented, and there is continuing decline in the extent and quality of its habitat in Turkey. The subspecies Neurergus strauchii barani is particular need of conservation action.
History:
2004 Vulnerable
1996 Data Deficient
1994 Insufficiently Known (Groombridge 1994)

Geographic Range [top]

Range Description: This species is currently known only from Vilayets Mus, Bitlis and Malatya in Eastern Anatolia, Turkey. Of the two confirmed subspecies, N. s. strauchi is found in the streams surrounding the south and west of Lake Van along the ridges of the mountains of Akdag and Mus guneyi daglari.N. s. barani is found in areas near the town of Poturge and is restricted to Kubbe Mountain on the Malatya-Puturge road (Pasmans et al 2006). It is present at altitudes of 1,000-2,000m asl.
Countries:
Native:
Turkey
Range Map: Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Population [top]

Population: This species is locally common within its limited suitable habitat (Kaya, pers. comm. 2008).
Population Trend: Decreasing

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Habitat and Ecology: It is known only from the small, cool mountain streams in which it breeds. The borders of these streams may or may not be wooded. Animals spend the winter months on land under stones and in burrows. The terrestrial habitat of this species is not well known. The female lays between 10 and 20 eggs in a clutch. It can survive some habitat modification (Avci, pers. comm. 2008).
Systems: Terrestrial; Freshwater

Use and Trade [top]

Use and Trade: This species has been reported in the pet trade. The proportion of captive-bred animals is not known.

Threats [top]

Major Threat(s): In general, this species lives at high elevations where there is a low human population and few threats. In the eastern part of the species range, close to Bitlis, the species is presumably threatened by pollution of streams and rivers with domestic detergents and sewage. Construction of a dam is planned on the river catchments where the western subspecies in the Kubbe Dagi occurs (G. Eken pers. comm.). This species has been recorded in the pet trade, although it is not known if this is a threat to wild populations (Bogaerts et al., 2006).

Conservation Actions [top]

Conservation Actions: It is not known from any protected areas in Turkey. There is a need to develop national legislation to mitigate the pollution of stream habitats in eastern Turkey.

Citation: Theodore Papenfuss, Max Sparreboom, Varol Tok, Ismail H. Ugurtas, Murat Sevinç, Sergius Kuzmin, Steven Anderson, Güven Eken, Tuba Kiliç, Engin Gem 2009. Neurergus strauchii. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2014.2. <www.iucnredlist.org>. Downloaded on 24 October 2014.
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