Spalax ehrenbergi 


Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family
Animalia Chordata Mammalia Rodentia Spalacidae

Scientific Name: Spalax ehrenbergi
Species Authority: (Nehring, 1898)
Regional Assessments:
Common Name(s):
English Palestine Mole Rat, Middle East Blind Mole Rat
Nannospalax ehrenbergi (Nehring, 1898)
Taxonomic Notes: Karyotype highly polymorphic with over 30 chromosomal forms. At least some of these forms are likely to be distinct species (e.g., four new species are recognized by Musser and Carleton 2005, namely S. carmeli, S. galili, S. golani and S. judae). Taxonomic work needs to be carried out on this group (ehrenbergi, leucodon and nehringi); until that is done the new splits in the ehrenbergi group are not followed here.

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Data Deficient ver 3.1
Year Published: 2008
Date Assessed: 2008-06-30
Assessor(s): Schlitter, D., Shenbrot, G., Kryštufek, B. & Sozen, M.
Reviewer(s): Amori, G. (Small Nonvolant Mammal Red List Authority) & Temple, H. (Global Mammal Assessment Team)
Data Deficient because of taxonomic problems. The taxonomy of this species is currently crude and in need of revision. However, if after taxonomic revision the taxon is split into several different species, some of these may warrant listing as threatened.
Previously published Red List assessments:
2004 Least Concern (LC)
1996 Lower Risk/least concern (LR/lc)

Geographic Range [top]

Range Description: This species is found in isolated pockets of appropriate habitat in coastal north-east Libya and central coastal Egypt. It is widespread in the eastern Mediterranean and ranges north into Turkey. It occurs from sea level up to 2,000 m asl.
Countries occurrence:
Egypt; Israel; Jordan; Lebanon; Libya; Syrian Arab Republic; Turkey
Upper elevation limit (metres): 2000
Range Map: Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Population [top]

Population: It is a widespread, relatively common species that is considered a pest in some areas.
Current Population Trend: Decreasing
Additional data:
Population severely fragmented: No

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Habitat and Ecology: It occurs in dry steppes, semi-desert, and occurs marginally in desert habitats. It is also found in cultivated fields. Strictly fossorial.
Systems: Terrestrial

Threats [top]

Major Threat(s): There are no major threats to this species. Regular ploughing of fields disturb the burrows of this species and may have a negative impact on local populations.

Conservation Actions [top]

Conservation Actions: Found in protected areas (e.g. Kouf National Park, Libya). No specific conservation measures are in place or needed. Yaxonomic research is required to determine whether this taxon in fact represents a number of different species.

Citation: Schlitter, D., Shenbrot, G., Kryštufek, B. & Sozen, M. 2008. Spalax ehrenbergi. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2008: e.T14326A4431978. . Downloaded on 26 November 2015.
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