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Myospalax aspalax

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Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family
ANIMALIA CHORDATA MAMMALIA RODENTIA SPALACIDAE

Scientific Name: Myospalax aspalax
Species Authority: (Pallas, 1776)
Common Name(s):
English False Zokor
Synonym(s):
Myospalax armandii (Milne-Edwards, 1867)
Myospalax dybowskii Tscherski, 1873
Myospalax talpinus Pallas, 1811
Myospalax zokor (Desmarest, 1822)

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Least Concern ver 3.1
Year Published: 2008
Date Assessed: 2008-06-30
Assessor(s): Shar, S. & Lkhagvasuren, D.
Reviewer(s): Amori, G. (Small Nonvolant Mammal Red List Authority) & Tsytsulina, K. (Global Mammal Assessment Team)
Justification:
A widespread and sometimes abundant species. Not known to be under any major threat. Least Concern.

Geographic Range [top]

Range Description: Steppes and farmland of Russia on banks of Onon and Ingoda Rivers in the Upper Amur basin, NE Mongolia (eastern parts of Hangai and Hentii mountain ranges and Mongol Daguur Steppe; Sokolov and Orlov, 1980), and NE China (S Heilongjiang, W Jilin, W Liaoning, E Nei Mongol, N Hebei, and N Shanxi; see Zhang et al., 1997).
Countries:
Native:
China; Mongolia; Russian Federation
Range Map: Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Population [top]

Population: Common, sometimes abundant in Russian part of the range.
Population Trend: Unknown

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Habitat and Ecology: Found in rich dark soft soil habitats on cereal or mixed herb steppe and meadows, farmland, forest glades, and flood plains (Grehov, 1972). Spacing between burrow entrances 1-3 m; diameter of the mound of soil demarcating burrows is 50-70 cm. Burrows reach a depth of 30-50 cm, but may extend to 2 m deep in winter. Feeding passages may exceed 20 m (Schauer, 1987). Diameter of the feeding burrows is 11-12 cm. Each burrow belongs to only one animal, but two burrows could be connected at one point in case of male and female (Bannikov, 1953). Diet normally consists of underground roots. Stores consist mostly of wheatgrass (Agropyron), but also include pulsatilla, poppy, peony, dandelion, ling roots, bluegrass, and wormwood. Stored supplies could be up to 9 kg. Youngs mostly feed on green parts (Bannikov, 1953). Breeds in May-June, with young from a single litter of 1-5 young appearing in July. Youngs live with female and disperse in autumn when they reach 15 cm size.
Systems: Terrestrial

Threats [top]

Major Threat(s): There are unlikely to be an major threats to this species.

Conservation Actions [top]

Conservation Actions: Occurs in protected areas throughout the range (approximately 18% of the species’ range in Mongolia). Further research is recommended.

Citation: Shar, S. & Lkhagvasuren, D. 2008. Myospalax aspalax. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2014.2. <www.iucnredlist.org>. Downloaded on 28 August 2014.
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