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Myonycteris relicta

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Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family
ANIMALIA CHORDATA MAMMALIA CHIROPTERA PTEROPODIDAE

Scientific Name: Myonycteris relicta
Species Authority: Bergmans, 1980
Common Name(s):
English East African Little Collared Fruit Bat, Bergmans's Collared Fruit Bat

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Vulnerable A4c ver 3.1
Year Published: 2008
Date Assessed: 2008-06-30
Assessor(s): Mickleburgh, S., Hutson, A.M., Bergmans, W., Cotterill, F.P.D. & Jacobs, D.
Reviewer(s): Hutson, A.M., Racey, P.A. (Chiroptera Red List Authority) & Cox, N. (Global Mammal Assessment Team)
Justification:
Listed as Vulnerable because it is suspected that a population decline, estimated to be more than 30% would be met over a ten-year period which is ongoing from the recent past to the near future, inferred from the loss of its forest habitat.
History:
2004 Vulnerable
1996 Vulnerable
1994 Vulnerable (Groombridge 1994)

Geographic Range [top]

Range Description: Bergmans (1997) reports that the species is known from the Shimba Hills in southeast Kenya, the Usambara and Nguru Mountains in Tanzania, several other unpublished localities in Tanzania and more recently from eastern Zimbabwe. All localities known with some accuracy are in East African Zanzibar-Inhambane costal mosaic: forest patches or in Undifferentiated Afromontane vegetation bordering on East African Zanzibar-Inhambane coastal mosaic (Bergmans 1997). The holotype specimen was caught over the Mukanda River, bordered by big thorn trees and fig trees, in the Shimba Hills, which are covered with a mosaic of open country and forest patches (Bergmans 1997).
Countries:
Native:
Kenya; Tanzania, United Republic of; Zimbabwe
Range Map: Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Population [top]

Population: There is little known about the population of this species. Nearly all collections have been of single specimens caught in mist nets.
Population Trend: Decreasing

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Habitat and Ecology: The natural history of this species is poorly known, however, it has been recorded from lowland forest. The roosting sites are currently not known.
Systems: Terrestrial

Threats [top]

Major Threat(s): Although the natural history of this species is little known, there is considerable ongoing habitat loss within the species range (through logging, harvesting of firewood and conversion of land to agricultural use).

Conservation Actions [top]

Conservation Actions: There appear to be no direct conservation measures in place for this species. In Zimbabwe it has been recorded from the Haroni and Rusitu protected areas, but the forest has still been declining at these localities over the past three decades. Further surveys are needed to better determine the full extent of this species range. There is a need to conserve remaining lowland forest throughout much of East Africa,

Citation: Mickleburgh, S., Hutson, A.M., Bergmans, W., Cotterill, F.P.D. & Jacobs, D. 2008. Myonycteris relicta. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2014.2. <www.iucnredlist.org>. Downloaded on 21 October 2014.
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