Monodelphis unistriata 

Scope: Global

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Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family
Animalia Chordata Mammalia Didelphimorphia Didelphidae

Scientific Name: Monodelphis unistriata
Species Authority: (Wagner, 1842)
Common Name(s):
English Single-striped Opossum, One-striped Opossum, One-striped Short-tailed Opossum
French Opossum-musaraigne à une raie
Didelphys unistriata Wagner, 1842
Monodelphis unistriatus (Wagner, 1842) [orth. error]
Taxonomic Source(s): Pine, R.H., Flores, D.A. and Bauer, K. 2013. The second known specimen of Monodelphis unistriata (Wagner) (Mammalia: Didelphimorphia), with redescription of the species and phylogenetic analysis. Zootaxa 3640(3): 425–441. doi: 10.11646/zootaxa.3640.3.6.

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Critically Endangered (Possibly Extinct) D ver 3.1
Year Published: 2011
Date Assessed: 2011-06-30
Assessor(s): Flores, D. & Teta, P.
Reviewer(s): Solari, S. & Chiozza, F.
Listed as Critically Endangered (Possibly Extinct) because in spite of collecting efforts in southern Brazil and northeastern Argentina, no additional specimens of M. unistriatus are known to have been taken since 1899. It is possible that we are dealing with a recently extinct South American marsupial. Only two specimens have been collected with certainty and each comes from single localities almost 400 km apart (Gardner 2007).

Date last seen: 1899
Previously published Red List assessments:

Geographic Range [top]

Range Description:Known only from São Paulo State, Brazil and Provincía Misiones, Argentina (Gardner 2007).
Countries occurrence:
Possibly extinct:
Argentina; Brazil
Additional data:
Range Map:Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Population [top]

Population:Known only from two specimens(Gardner 2008); a single individual collected before 1842 (Emmons and Feer 1997) and one specimen from Argentina (Pine et al. in prep.). The loss of habitat will most probably caused a decline in the population.
Current Population Trend:Unknown
Additional data:
Population severely fragmented:No

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Habitat and Ecology:Their activity is predominantly terrestrial and crepuscular. Habitat and behaviour is not known.

Threats [top]

Major Threat(s): Habitat loss is a threat, however, the magnitude is unknown.

Conservation Actions [top]

Conservation Actions: Surveys are required to determine whether or not this species is still extant.

Citation: Flores, D. & Teta, P. 2011. Monodelphis unistriata. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2011: e.T13703A4353243. . Downloaded on 27 October 2016.
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