Cryptotis orophila


Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family

Scientific Name: Cryptotis orophila
Species Authority: (J.A. Allen, 1895)
Common Name(s):
English Central American Least Shrew
Taxonomic Notes: Until recently this taxon was a subspecies of C. parva, but it was given species rank by Woodman (2002).

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Data Deficient ver 3.1
Year Published: 2008
Date Assessed: 2008-06-30
Assessor(s): Woodman, N.
Reviewer(s): Amori, G. (Small Nonvolant Mammal Red List Authority) & Chanson, J. (Global Mammal Assessment Team)
Listed as Data Deficient as it has only recently been elevated to species status, and there is an absence of recent information on its population status, threats, and ecological requirements.

Geographic Range [top]

Range Description: This species occurs in the highlands and mid-elevations from Honduras and El Salvador south to central Costa Rica (Hutterer 2005).
Costa Rica; El Salvador; Honduras; Nicaragua
Range Map: Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Population [top]

Population: There is very little information known about this species.
Population Trend: Unknown

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Habitat and Ecology: This shrew is nocturnal, but sporadically active during both night and day. It is terrestrial and makes tiny runways through grass or uses larger runways made by rodents. The diet includes insect larvae, centipedes and earthworms (Whitaker 1974). It occurs in marshes and a variety of wooded habitats.
Systems: Terrestrial

Threats [top]

Major Threat(s): Development and pesticides are potential threats to this species, but more research is needed to confirm this.

Conservation Actions [top]

Conservation Actions: It occurs in a few protected areas within its range.

Citation: Woodman, N. 2008. Cryptotis orophila. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2014.3. <>. Downloaded on 31 March 2015.
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