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Coendou quichua

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Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family
ANIMALIA CHORDATA MAMMALIA RODENTIA ERETHIZONTIDAE

Scientific Name: Coendou quichua
Species Authority: Thomas, 1899
Taxonomic Notes: Coendou quichua (Thomas, 1899) is recognized here as a distinct species, which is contrary to Woods and Kilpatrick (2005), who indicated that quichua and richardsoni may be distinct, but were retained as subspecies under Coendou bicolor. C. quichua is a morphologically distinctive porcupine whose diagnostic characters were accurately described by Thomas (1899). Cabrera (1961) treated quichua as a subspecies of C. bicolor without providing any justification for doing so. Although Emmons (1990), Albuja (1991), Tirira (1999), and Alberico et al. (1999) have subsequently recognized that quichua is a valid species.

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Data Deficient ver 3.1
Year Published: 2008
Date Assessed: 2008-06-30
Assessor(s): Tirira, D., Boada, C. & Delgado, C.
Reviewer(s): Amori, G. (Small Nonvolant Mammal Red List Authority) & Schipper, J. (Global Mammal Assessment Team)
Justification:
This species is listed as Data Deficient in view of its uncertain taxonomic status, and the absence of recent information on its extent of occurrence, threats, status and ecological requirements.

Geographic Range [top]

Range Description: This species occurs in the Andes Ecuador (Voss, 2003; D. Tirira pers. comm.) and northeast Colombia, from San Vicente de Chucuri, Cordillera Oriental (Alberico et al., 1999).
Countries:
Native:
Colombia; Ecuador
Range Map: Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Population [top]

Population: It is uncommon to rare (D. Tirira pers. comm.).
Population Trend: Decreasing

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Habitat and Ecology: Little is known of the behavior of this species, but it is probably similar to other members of the genus: nocturnal, arboreal, and solitary, feeding on fruits and seeds (D. Tirira pers. comm.).
Systems: Terrestrial

Threats [top]

Major Threat(s): The major threats are deforestation, habitat fragmentation, and agriculture (D. Tirira and C. Boada pers. comm.).

Conservation Actions [top]

Conservation Actions: This porcupine occurs in several protected areas. Further research is needed into the biology and ecology of this species (D. Tirira pers. comm.).

Citation: Tirira, D., Boada, C. & Delgado, C. 2008. Coendou quichua. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2014.2. <www.iucnredlist.org>. Downloaded on 02 August 2014.
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