Coendou quichua 

Scope: Global
Language: English

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Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family
Animalia Chordata Mammalia Rodentia Erethizontidae

Scientific Name: Coendou quichua Thomas, 1899
Coendou rothschildi Thomas, 1902
Taxonomic Source(s): Voss, R.S. 2015. Family Erethizontidae Bonaparte, 1845. In: Patton, J.L., Pardiñas, U.F.J. and D'Elía, G. (eds), Mammals of South America, pp. 786-805. The University of Chicago Press, Chicago.
Taxonomic Notes: Coendou quichua (Thomas, 1899) is recognized here as a distinct species, which is contrary to Woods and Kilpatrick (2005), who indicated that quichua and richardsoni may be distinct, but were retained as subspecies under Coendou bicolor. C. quichua is a morphologically distinctive porcupine whose diagnostic characters were accurately described by Thomas (1899). Cabrera (1961) treated quichua as a subspecies of C. bicolor without providing any justification for doing so. Although Emmons (1990), Albuja (1991), Tirira (1999), and Alberico et al. (1999) have subsequently recognized that quichua is a valid species. Coendou rothschildi has been combined with Coendou quichua (Voss 2015).

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Data Deficient ver 3.1
Year Published: 2016
Date Assessed: 2016-06-10
Assessor(s): Delgado, C.
Reviewer(s): Amori, G.
Contributor(s): Boada, C. & Tirira, D.G.
This species is listed as Data Deficient in view of its uncertain taxonomic status, and the absence of information on its extent of occurrence, threats, status and ecological requirements.
Previously published Red List assessments:

Geographic Range [top]

Range Description:This species occurs in Panama, Colombia, and Ecuador (Barthelmess 2016, Voss 2015).
Countries occurrence:
Colombia; Ecuador; Panama
Additional data:
Range Map:Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Population [top]

Population:It is uncommon to rare (D. Tirira pers. comm.). Coendou rothschildi has been combined with Coendou quichua (Voss 2015).
Current Population Trend:Decreasing
Additional data:
Population severely fragmented:No

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Habitat and Ecology:Little is known of the behaviour of this species, but it is probably similar to other members of the genus: nocturnal, arboreal, and solitary, feeding on fruits and seeds (D. Tirira pers. comm). Panamanian individuals have been seen in trees as night, and camouflage themselves in matted vines, and are attacked by ocelots (Voss 2015).

Threats [top]

Major Threat(s): The major threats are deforestation, habitat fragmentation, and agriculture (D. Tirira and C. Boada pers. comm.).

Conservation Actions [top]

Conservation Actions: This porcupine occurs in several protected areas. Further research is needed into the biology and ecology of this species (D. Tirira pers. comm.).

Citation: Delgado, C. 2016. Coendou quichua. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2016: e.T136702A22214415. . Downloaded on 25 September 2017.
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