Cuscomys oblativa 

Scope: Global

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Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family
Animalia Chordata Mammalia Rodentia Abrocomidae

Scientific Name: Cuscomys oblativa
Species Authority: (Eaton, 1916)
Common Name(s):
English Machu Picchu Arboreal Chinchilla Rat

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Extinct ver 3.1
Year Published: 2008
Date Assessed: 2008-06-30
Assessor(s): Pacheco, V., Zeballos, Z., Vivar E. & Dunnum, J.
Reviewer(s): Amori, G. (Small Nonvolant Mammal Red List Authority) & Schipper, J. (Global Mammal Assessment Team)
This species is listed as Extinct because it is only known from two old skulls collected at an Inca burial site. It has not been located during any surveys.

Geographic Range [top]

Range Description:This species is known only from Inca burial sites of Machu Picchu, southeastern Peru (Woods and Kilpatrick, 2005).
Countries occurrence:
Regionally extinct:
Additional data:
Range Map:Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Population [top]

Population:The species is known only from two skulls, estimated to be around 400 years old. It is considered probably extinct (Thomas, 1920; Woods and Kilpatrick, 2005). However, Emmons (1999) states that there is no evident reason for
C. oblativa to have become extinct since 1500 and it is likely to be still extant. It has not been located during any surveys of the region and the origin of the two skulls collected is not known.
Additional data:
Population severely fragmented:No

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Habitat and Ecology:The habitat and ecology of this species is not known.

Threats [top]

Major Threat(s): The threats to this species are not known. The presence of the two skulls at an Inca burial site suggests that it was used for food.

Conservation Actions [top]

Conservation Actions: The species is not known to occur in any protected areas. The skulls were found at Machu Picchu but this may not be the origin of the animals.

Citation: Pacheco, V., Zeballos, Z., Vivar E. & Dunnum, J. 2008. Cuscomys oblativa. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2008: e.T136658A4324252. . Downloaded on 29 August 2016.
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